Local ethnic groups of Anabar district: mapping of ethnonyms in order to preserve historical and cultural heritage

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2021-4-27-474-481

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Author

Viktoriya V. Filippova

Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North of Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, History and Arctic Research Department,
Petrovskogo 1, 677027, Yakutsk, Russia;
E-mail: filippovav@mail.ru

Abstract

Anabar district of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) is a complex ethnocultural region, where toponyms of different eras coexist, which is explained by the dynamics of the ethnic composition of the population over thousands of years. Toponymy extent reflects the historical and geographical specifics of the region. On the map of the Anabar district, several toponymic layers are distinguished: Dolgan, evenki, Yakut and Russian. The study was funded by the Russian foundation of Basic Research (No. 20-09-00257), one of the tasks of which is to identify toponymic complexes—groups of place names that characterize the development of the studied territory, as well as to consider toponyms as objects of cultural heritage of the peoples inhabiting this region.

In this study, using GIS technologies, the reconstruction of the settlement of local ethnic groups that lived in the territory of the Anabar district was carried out. Their borders were largely natural in nature and generally corresponded to river basins. It is established that the boundaries of the distribution areas of the genera went beyond the boundaries of the modern territory of the Anabar district. The main source of the material is a database of toponyms identified from 20 topographic maps (scale 1:200,000), covering the whole territory of the Anabar district. The article presents the results of mapping the areas of settlement of tribes and ethnotoponyms. first of all, these are ethnotoponyms formed from ethnonyms (khangalas, khatygyn, gala, aryyaat, barakh, sedeme, etc.). It is established that place name used to as a name for a group of farms of mixed origin (kuladintsy, omoldot).

Comparison of the reconstructed area of settlement of tribes with the display of ethnonyms on the Anabar district’s map showed their insufficient presence in toponyms. This indicates a lack of preservation of ethnonyms.

Keywords

settlement, indigenous people, cartography method, toponomy, ethnonyms, Anabar, Yakutia.

References

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For citation: Filippova V.V. Local ethnic groups of Anabar district: mapping of ethnonyms in order to preserve historical and cultural heritage InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2021. V. 27. Part 4. P. 474–481. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2021-4-27-474-481 (In Russian)