Transformation of rural settlement and sustainability of rural development in the region

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2021-4-27-232-243

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Vladimir I. Tikhii

Orel State University the name of I.S. Turgenev, Institute of Natural Sciences and Biotechnology,
Komsomolskaya St., 95, 302026, Orel, Russia;
E-mail: tikhiivi@yandex.ru

Olga V. Koreva

Orel State University the name of I.S. Turgenev, Institute of Economics and Management,
Komsomolskaya St., 95, 302026, Orel, Russia;
E-mail: olga_koreva@mail.ru

Abstract

The current socio-economic situation in rural areas is characterized by a number of problems that hinder sustainable development. The low quality of life, the existing level and quality of life in the village, the lack of social infrastructure, the environmental situation, limited opportunities for work in the village, low incomes of the population compared to the city had a significant impact on the process of migration and deterioration of the quality of the labor force, depopulation of the rural population. In this context, the solution to the problem of rural settlement development is very relevant.

The regional leadership chooses the direction of rural development without taking into account the current socio-economic situation at the municipal level and the peculiarities of rural settlement development, which reduces the effectiveness of territorial administration.

The level of rural development was assessed on the example of the Orel region. The current socio-economic situation in rural areas is characterized by many problems that hinder its transition to sustainable development. The problem of depopulation of the population in rural areas is revealed. At the same time, the destruction of social and engineering infrastructure is observed, the area of cultivated land is reduced, and differences in the level of socio-economic development of the periphery, semi-periphery and suburban areas are increasing. The analysis of the differences in the socio-economic development of the municipalities of the Orel region indicates an increase in intraregional differentiation during the period under review and the absence of an effective intraregional policy aimed at reducing the existing socio-economic asymmetry within the subject of the Federation. Proposals for its solution have been developed, which should be implemented in the context of continuous monitoring of the state and development.

Keywords

sustainable development, rural areas, state policy, management methods.

References

  1. Afanasyeva E.E., Koreva O.V., Tikhii V.I. The policy of intraregional equalization as an integral part of regional policy and a tool for reducing socio-economic asymmetry within the constituent entities of the Federation. Bulletin of Eurasian Science, 2019. No. 5. V. 11 (in Russian).
  2. Bogachev A.I. Zoning of rural areas of the Oryol region on the basis of diagnosing the level of sustainability of their development. Bulletin of OrelGAU. 2016. No. 4. Web resource: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/zonirovanie-selskih-territoriy-orlovskoy-oblasti-na-osnove-diagnostiki-urovnya-ustoychivosti-ih-razvitiya (accessed 27.03.2021) (in Russian).
  3. Cherdantsev V.P., Shakleina S.A. Methods of express analysis of sustainable development of rural areas. AVU. 2016. No. 3 (145). Web resource: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/metodika-ekspress-analiza-ustoychivogo-razvitiya-selskih-territoriy (accessed 29.03.2021) (in Russian).
  4. Chernyavskaya E.A. It is planned to provide regional authorities with subsidies for the provision of services and support to SMEs in the centers “My Business”. Official portal Garant.Ru. 2018. Web resource: https://www.garant.ru/news/1229678/ (accessed 27.03.2021) (in Russian).
  5. Frolov V.I., Agafonova E.O. Methodological approaches to the development of indicators for sustainable rural development. Economic revival of Russia. 2011 No. 4. P. 76 (in Russian).
  6. Golubeva A.I., Dorokhova V.I., Dugin A.N., Sukhovskaya A.M. Methodological approaches to the zoning of rural areas based on a set of indicators for assessing the level of sustainability of their development. Bulletin of Michurinsky State Agrarian University. 2015. No. 3. P. 142–149 (in Russian).
  7. Ikonnikova O.V. Basic approaches to the definition of the concept of “sustainable development of rural areas”. Problems of modern economics. 2012. No. 1. P. 349–352.
  8. Koloskova Yu.I., Bordachenko N.S. Human capital as a factor of sustainable development of rural areas. Socio-economic and humanitarian journal of Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University. 2018. No. 1 (7). Web resource: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/chelovecheskiy-kapital-kak-faktor-ustoychivogo-razvitiya-selskih-territoriy (accessed 30.03. 2021) (in Russian).
  9. Rodimtsev S.A., Rezvyakov A.V., Studennikova N.S. Typological assessment of the development of rural areas of the Oryol region. Regional economy: theory and practice. 2014. No. 39. Web resource: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/tipologicheskaya-otsenka-razvitiya-selskih-territoriy-orlovskoy-oblasti (accessed 30.03.2021) (in Russian).
  10. Shevchenko O.Yu. Formation of a system of indicators of sustainable development of municipal territories. IVD. 2012. No. 4 (1). Web resource: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/formirovanie-sistemy-indikatorov-ustoychivogo-razvitiya-munitsipalnyh-territoriy (accessed 28.03.2021) (in Russian).
  11. Shrinking the socio-economic space: new in the theory of regional development and the practice of its state regulation. M.: Eslan, 2010. 428 p. (in Russian).
  12. Tikhii V.I., Koreva O.V. Problems of sustainable development of rural areas of the region: ecological-socio-economic analysis. “InterCarto. InterGIS”: materials of the international conference, 2017. No. 23. P. 50–70. DOI: 10.24057/2414-9179-2017-1-23-50-70 (accessed 27.03.2021) (in Russian).
  13. Tikhii V.I., Sidorova I.N. Assessment and features of the development of rural areas in the region on the example of the Oryol region. Regional economy: theory and practice. 2016. No. 4. V. 15. P. 69–88. (in Russian).
  14. Zavodskikh A.A., Tikhii V.I., Shumetov V.G. Modeling the processes of population movement in the regions of the Central Federal District. Regional economy: theory and practice. 2017. V. 15. No. 4. P. 772–783 (in Russian).

For citation: Tikhii V.I., Koreva O.V. Transformation of rural settlement and sustainability of rural development in the region InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2021. V. 27. Part 4. P. 232–243. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2021-4-27-232-243 (In Russian)