Assessment of the potential of Russian it industry clusterization, 2005–2018

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2021-1-27-44-59

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Alexey A. Pankratov

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Economics, Department of Macroeconomic Policy and Strategic Management,
Leninskiye Gory, 1, 46 bld, 119991, Moscow, Russia;
E-mail: pankratov_aleksey_ml@mail.ru

Rasul A. Musaev

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Economics, Department of Macroeconomic Policy and Strategic Management,
Leninskiye Gory, 1, 46 bld, 119991, Moscow, Russia;
E-mail: rasmous@mail.ru

Svetlana V. Badina

Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Laboratory of Regional Policy and Regional Investment Processes,
Stremyanny lane, 36, 117997, Moscow, Russia;

The Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), Agrarian and Technological Institute,
Miklukho-Maklaya, 6, 117198, Moscow, Russia;

Institute of Economic Forecasting Russian Academy of Sciences, laboratory of analysis and forecasting of economy natural and technological risks,
Nakhimovskiy prospect, 47, 117418, Moscow, Russia;
E-mail: bad412@yandex.ru

Abstract

The article is devoted to the problem of clustering possibility in Russian information technology industry (IT). The clustering potential concept and its significance in the framework of cluster policy measures modeling are considered. The article uses the example of the Russian IT industry to test the European Cluster Observatory model for clustering potential assessing. The main trends characterizing the change of the IT industry clustering potential in Russian regions were identified. The verification of the current cluster development priorities within the framework of the current state cluster policy was carried out. The regions of Russia that have a high potential for the new IT-cluster formation were identified. The directions for improving the methodological approach to assessing the clustering potential, taking into account the main factors of the information technology industry development, were proposed. The analysis helps to identify few important problems of the Russian IT industry development within the framework of the cluster development model, including a trend towards a decrease in indicators of the IT industry clustering potential for the most socially and economically developed Russian regions, an increase in the level of IT industry monopolization, and also an increase in the negative impact of barriers which preventing new companies from entering the Russian IT market.

Keywords

cluster policy, clustering potential, innovative IT cluster, innovative development, IT industry.

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For citation: Pankratov A.A., Musaev R.A., Badina S.V. Assessment of the potential of Russian it industry clusterization, 2005–2018 InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2021. V. 27. Part 1. P. 44–59. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2021-1-27-44-59 (In Russian)