Usage of cartographic methods in place-name study (history of the problem and actual research)

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2021-4-27-520-536

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Yuliana Yu. Gordova

Institute of Linguistics, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Bolshoy Kislovskiy per. 1, 125009, Moscow, Russia;
E-mail: gordova@iling-ran.ru

Olga A. Herzen

Institute of Linguistics, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Bolshoy Kislovskiy per. 1, 125009, Moscow, Russia;
E-mail: gercen.olga09@gmail.com.

Andrey A. Herzen

Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Staromonetny per. 29, 1190117, Moscow, Russia;
E-mail: gerzen@igras.ru

Silvia K. Kostovska

Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Staromonetny per. 29, 1190117, Moscow, Russia;
E-mail: silvakos@igras.ru.

Abstract

Cartographic methods have been used in toponymic research for many decades. The importance of these methods was noted by the founders of fundamental place-name study. This field keeps developing actively despite the considerable methodological complexity and labor intensity. Modern technologies in cartography make it possible to bring the scale and intensity of toponymic research to a new level, to solve problems that have long been identified in science. This further increases the relevance of toponymic mapping and the active introduction of other techniques into the practice of both local and regional toponymic research.

The article presents the experience of creating regional toponymic maps and atlases, the general methodology and specific methodological developments of the authors in this field. The article provides examples of the latest practices of applying cartographic methods in domestic onomastics. The article presents the results of a poly-scale toponymic research in historical geography, based on the techniques of toponymic mapping in order to solve historic-geographical problems, and historic-cartographical analysis, aimed at solving toponymic problems. The geographical names of the Russian Plain and the Black Sea region serves as a rich factual data for the analysis of specific toponyms evolution.

Historic-cartographical research provides invaluable data for place-name study, contributing to scientific advancement in related disciplines. Old maps serve as the most important sources of knowledge about toponymy and the formation of geographical representations in different eras. Place names are an integral part of the intangible cultural heritage, one of the most enduring and at the same time fragile. The modern desire to standardize toponymy at the national and international levels comes into conflict with the tasks of its preservation in the context of the protection of ethnocultural diversity.

Keywords

cartography, place-name study, historical geography, toponyms, geographical maps.

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For citation: Gordova Y.Yu., Herzen O.A., Herzen A.A., Kostovska S.K. Usage of cartographic methods in place-name study (history of the problem and actual research) InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2021. V. 27. Part 4. P. 520–537. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2021-4-27-520-536 (In Russian)