Experience of using GIS in assessment of conservation value of urban forests (by example of “Savin Navolok” park, Petrozavodsk city, Republic of Karelia)

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2021-3-27-359-374

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Vera V. Timofeeva

Forest Research Institute of the Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Pushkinskaya St., 11, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Karelia, Russia;
E-mail: timofeevavera2010@yandex.ru

Stanislav A. Kutenkov

Institute of Biology of the Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Pushkinskaya St., 11, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Karelia, Russia;
E-mail: effort@krc.karelia.ru

Victoria N. Tarasova

Petrozavodsk State University,
Lenin av., 33, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia;
E-mail: tarasova1873@gmail.com

Vera I. Androsova

Petrozavodsk State University,
Lenin av., 33, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia;
E-mail: vera.androsova28@gmail.com

Anna V. Ruokolainen

Forest Research Institute of the Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Pushkinskaya St., 11, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Karelia, Russia;
E-mail: aruokolainen@mail.ru

Abstract

The information about the state and nature conservation value of the recreational forests of the Savin Navolok Park is presented. Maps of vegetation and localization of rare and protected species of vascular plants, mosses, lichens and fungi have been compiled. Nine types of forest have been identified in the Park where birch herb-rich forests (31.8 %), spruce forests (25.2 %), and pine forests (16.3 %) prevail. About a quarter of the studied territory (25.6 %) is covered by mixed coniferous-deciduous forests, aspen and willow forests. The flora of the Park is characterized by high species diversity: 258 species of vascular plants, 40 species of mosses and 45 species of lichens have been identified. In comparison with adjacent territories, distinctive feature of the studied flora is the presence of a large number of species of the southern taiga subzone (19.7 %), including nemoral species on the northern border of their distribution range (Corydalis solida, Pulmonaria obscura, Tilia cordata, etc.). In the Savin Navolok Park, 8 species protected in the Republic of Karelia are registered: Galium odoratum, Humulus lupulus, Lentaria afflata, Neckera pennata, Punctularia strigosozonata, Thalictrum kemens, among which species Calypso bulbosa and Cypripedium calceolus are listed in the Red Data Book of Russian Federation. Species Chaenotheca brachypoda and Ulmus glabra are included in the list of taxa of the Republic of Karelia that need special attention to their state in the natural environment and are recommended for biological surveillance. According to the Federal Law “On Specially Protected Natural Areas”, the natural complexes of the Savin Navolok Park satisfies the criteria for give this territory the status of a specially protected natural area in the rank of a natural monument or a state botanical reserve of regional significance “Savin Navolok”.

Keywords

GIS technology, Sentinel-2 satellite images, QGIS 2.10.1. program, cartogram, protected species, vegetation, recreational forests.

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For citation: Timofeeva V.V., Kutenkov S.A., Tarasova V.N., Androsova V.I., Ruokolainen A.V. Experience of using GIS in assessment of conservation value of urban forests (by example of “Savin Navolok” park, Petrozavodsk city, Republic of Karelia) InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2021. V. 27. Part 3. P. 359–374. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2021-3-27-359-374 (In Russian)