Geoinformation support for studying the location of foreign TNC in global cities

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Sergey S. Abramov

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Department of Geography of World Economy,
Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991, Moscow, Russia;

Nikolay A. Sluka

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Department of Geography of World Economy,
Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991, Moscow, Russia;


The article discusses the experience of assessing the location of foreign TNCs in global cities as a significant factor in the field of environmental, economic and social aspects of sustainable development of urban areas. A number of initial theoretical models are proposed from the standpoint of the center-peripheral approach and a conceptual scheme of geoinformation and cartographic support of the study is presented, the main stages of its implementation are revealed. The databases of the European Commission’s Joint Research Center (GHS Urban Center Database, GHS-UCDB) and (GHS Functional Urban Areas, GHS-FUA) were used to get an idea of the real models of the intracity location of large business in the delimitation of the boundaries of agglomerations and their separate zones. To determine the composition of TNC divisions, Forbes 2000 data for 2020 and information from corporate websites on the branch network with geographic reference from the reference service were used. In total, 55 global cities of the alpha group and more than 12 thousand foreign branches of TNCs were involved in the analysis. The processing and systematization of the obtained data was carried out using the object-relational database management system (RDBMS) PostgreSQL and the PostGIS extension. The visualization of the research results based on the consolidation of tabular data and spatial relationships using QGIS. Comparative analysis showed the effectiveness of the developed technique. As a result of its application, the overall scale of the presence of big business in the global cities of the alpha group and a significant gap between leaders and outsiders were determined. The absence of a universal model for the zonal distribution of TNCs in the urban space was revealed, the basic invariants of which were visualized using the example of a number of centers. The presented developments can contribute to the development of the direction of microgeographic research in geo-urban studies. In practice, the methodology can be useful for modernizing the assessment of the quality of the urban environment and the conditions for its formation as part of the implementation in the Russian Federation of the national project “Housing and Urban Environment”.


geoinformation support, global cities, location of foreign TNC, core-periphery model, sustainable development.


  1. Abu-Lughod J.L. New York, Chicago, Los Angeles: Americas’s Global cities. The University of Minnesota Press, 2001. 640 р.
  2. Anderson T. Metropolitan statistical area location choice by foreign direct investors in the United States. BEA. Working Paper Series, WP2020-6. 2020. No. 5.
  3. Beaverstock J.V., Smith R.G., Taylor P.J. A Roster of world cities. Cities, 1999. Nо. 16 (6). P. 445–458.
  4. Berlyant A.M. Geoinformation mapping. Moscow: Astrea, 1997. 64 p. (in Russian).
  5. Burrough P., McDonnell R. Principles of geographical information Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. 333 р.
  6. Csomós G. Cities as command and control centres of the world economy: An empirical analysis, 2006–2015. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series. 2017. Nо. 38. P. 7–26.
  7. Csomós G. The command and control centers of the United States (2006/2012): An analysis of industry sectors influencing the position of cities. Geoforum. 2013. V. 50. Р. 241–251. DOI:
  8. Devashree S., Fikri K., Marchio N. Globalization on the ground: FDI in U.S. Metro Areas. Report. Brookings, 2014.
  9. Friedmann J. Regional development policy: A case study of Venezuela. MIT Press, 1966. 279 p.
  10. Friedmann J. The world city hypothesis. Development and Change, 1986. Nо. 17 (1). Р. 69–84.
  11. Goerzen A., Asmussen C.G., Nielsen B.B. Global cities and multinational enterprise location strategy. Journal of International Business Studies. 2013. V. 44. No. 5. P. 427–450.
  12. Grant R., Nijman J. Globalization and the corporate geography of cities in the less-developed world. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 2002. V. 92 (2). Р. 320–340. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8306.00293.
  13. Hall P. Globalization and world cities. Globalization and the world of large cities. Еd. by Fuchen L., Yeung Y-M. Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 1998. Р. 17–36.
  14. Pilka M.E., Sluka N.A., Tkachenko T.H., Tsalikova E.R. Major multinational corporations in the US global cities: core-periphery lokation disparities. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 5. Geografiya. 2018. Nо. 6. P. 83–92. (in Russian).
  15. Sassen S. The global city: New York, London, Tokyo. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1991. 412 p.
  16. Sluka N.A. Goals, objectives, and problems of corporate geography. Izvestiya Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk. Seriya Geograficheskaya. 2016. Nо. 5. P. 38–45. DOI: (in Russian).
  17. Sluka N., Partsvaniya V. Global cities and big businesses: contours of partnership for sustainable development. InterCarto. InterGIS. 2020. V. 26. P. 167–180. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2020-1-26-167-180. (in Russian).
  18. Sluka N.A., Pilka M.E. US global cities as centres of attraction of foreign TNCs. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series. 2019. Nо. 46. P. 137–147. DOI: 10.2478/bog-2019-0039.
  19. Star J., Estes J. Geographic information systems: Englewood Cliffs. An introduction. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1990. 303 p.
  20. Taylor P.J., Csomós G. Cities as control and command centres: Analysis and interpretation. Cities. 2012. V. 29. Nо. 6. Р. 408–411. DOI:
  21. Taylor P.J. World City Network: A Global urban analysis. Routledge, 2004. 256 p.
  22. Tikunov V.S., Tsapuk D.A. Sustainable development of territories: cartographic and geographic information support. Moscow; Smolensk: Publishing House of Smolensk State University, 1999. 176 p. (in Russian).
  23. Zhurkin I.G., Shaitura S.V. Geoinformation systems. Moscow: Kudits-press, 2009. 272 p. (in Russian).

For citation: Abramov S.S., Sluka N.A. Geoinformation support for studying the location of foreign TNC in global cities InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2021. V. 27. Part 1. P. 205–217. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2021-1-27-205-217 (In Russian)