Geoinformation support for studying the location of foreign TNC in global cities

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2021-1-27-205-217

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Sergey S. Abramov

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Department of Geography of World Economy,
Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991, Moscow, Russia;
E-mail: sergey.abr71@gmail.com

Nikolay A. Sluka

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Department of Geography of World Economy,
Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991, Moscow, Russia;
E-mail: sluka2011@yandex.ru

Abstract

The article discusses the experience of assessing the location of foreign TNCs in global cities as a significant factor in the field of environmental, economic and social aspects of sustainable development of urban areas. A number of initial theoretical models are proposed from the standpoint of the center-peripheral approach and a conceptual scheme of geoinformation and cartographic support of the study is presented, the main stages of its implementation are revealed. The databases of the European Commission’s Joint Research Center (GHS Urban Center Database, GHS-UCDB) and (GHS Functional Urban Areas, GHS-FUA) were used to get an idea of the real models of the intracity location of large business in the delimitation of the boundaries of agglomerations and their separate zones. To determine the composition of TNC divisions, Forbes 2000 data for 2020 and information from corporate websites on the branch network with geographic reference from the Craft.co reference service were used. In total, 55 global cities of the alpha group and more than 12 thousand foreign branches of TNCs were involved in the analysis. The processing and systematization of the obtained data was carried out using the object-relational database management system (RDBMS) PostgreSQL and the PostGIS extension. The visualization of the research results based on the consolidation of tabular data and spatial relationships using QGIS. Comparative analysis showed the effectiveness of the developed technique. As a result of its application, the overall scale of the presence of big business in the global cities of the alpha group and a significant gap between leaders and outsiders were determined. The absence of a universal model for the zonal distribution of TNCs in the urban space was revealed, the basic invariants of which were visualized using the example of a number of centers. The presented developments can contribute to the development of the direction of microgeographic research in geo-urban studies. In practice, the methodology can be useful for modernizing the assessment of the quality of the urban environment and the conditions for its formation as part of the implementation in the Russian Federation of the national project “Housing and Urban Environment”.

Keywords

geoinformation support, global cities, location of foreign TNC, core-periphery model, sustainable development.

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For citation: Abramov S.S., Sluka N.A. Geoinformation support for studying the location of foreign TNC in global cities InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2021. V. 27. Part 1. P. 205–217. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2021-1-27-205-217 (In Russian)