Cartographic and geoinformational support for development of green urban planning in the Republic of Belarus

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2021-1-27-151-164

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Dzmitry M. Kurlovich

Belarusian State University, The Faculty of Geography and Geoinformatics,
Nezavisimosti avenue, 4, 220030, Minsk, Repabluc of Balarus;
E-mail: kurlovich@bsu.by

Iryna P. Usova

The UNDP Project “Supporting Green Urban Development in Small and Medium-Sized Cities in Belarus”,
Krasnoormeyskaya str., 22A, office 15, 220030, Minsk, Republic of Belarus;
E-mail: iryna.usava@undp.org

Vera A. Sysoyeva

The UNDP Project “Supporting Green Urban Development in Small and Medium-Sized Cities in Belarus”,
Krasnoormeyskaya str., 22A, office 15, 220030, Minsk, Republic of Belarus;
E-mail: vera.sysoyeva@undp.org

Abstract

In recent years, the Republic of Belarus has developed the practice of introducing elements of green infrastructure into urban development programs. This is a contribution to the transition to environmentally friendly production technologies, the construction of buildings with a low share of energy and resource consumption, the implementation of environmental-oriented transport infrastructure, the use of effective technologies for the collection, disposal and processing of waste, and an increase in amount of green areas in cities.

From 2016 to the present, the country is implementing a 5-year project of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) “Supporting Green Urban Development in Small and Medium-Sized Cities in Belarus”. The objective of the Project is the growth of development of green urban development plans and pilot green urban development initiatives in the cities of Polack, Navapolack, Navahrudak related to energy efficiency and sustainable transport.

An important component in the formation of green urban planning is the operation of spatial information. For this purpose, mapping and geoinformation approaches were applied in the study. They made it possible to identify the modern features of the distribution of green city indicators in pilot cities, carry out their analysis and propose a new development strategy that will improve the blue-green infrastructure.

For each city, in the instrumental geographic information systems ArcGIS and QGIS, a methodology was developed and indicators were mapped that characterize condition of residential areas, quality of buildings, population density, location of green areas, proximity of public transport stops and other urban infrastructure, tourism service infrastructure and the distribution of energy users and sources of CO2 emissions.

Based on the results of GIS analysis of the obtained layers of indicators of the profile of the green city, a spatial development strategy was formed.

The information of the thematic layers on indicators of urban development became the basis for the creation of a series of web maps in ArcGIS Online, which are currently being discussed by residents of key cities.

The cartographic materials prepared within the project can be finalized and used to work with city administrations, as well as to inform the population about the state of the city and the decisions taken.

Keywords

web map, geographic information systems, green urban planning, green cities, green city profile indicators.

References

  1. Ali M.A., Alawadi K., Khanal A. The Role of Green Infrastructure in Enhancing Microclimate Conditions: A Case Study of a Low-Rise Neighborhood in Abu Dhabi. Sustainability, 2021. V. 13 (8). P. 1–24.
  2. Baycan-Levent T., Nijkamp P. Planning and management of urban green spaces in Europe: Comparative analysis. Journal of Urban Planning and Development. 2009. V. 135 (1). P. 1–2.
  3. Benedict M.A., McMahon E.T. Green infrastructure: smart conservation for the 21st century. Renewable resources journal. 2002. V. 20 (3). P. 12–17.
  4. Cameron R.W., Blanuša T., Taylor J.E., Salisbury A., Halstead A.J., Henricot B., Thompson K. The domestic garden—Its contribution to urban green infrastructure. Urban forestry & urban greening. 2012. V. 11 (2). P. 129–37.
  5. Dushkova D.O., Kirillov S.N. Urban green infrastructure: German experience. Bulletin of Volgograd State University. Series 3. Economics. 2016. V. 2 (35). P. 136–147. (in Russian).
  6. Foster J., Lowe A., Winkelman S. The value of green infrastructure for urban climate adaptation. Center for Clean Air Policy. 2011. V. 750. 52 p.
  7. Kurlovich D.M., Usava I.P., Sysoyeva V.А. Creation of web-maps of green city profile indicators. Minsk: BSU, 2021. P. 652–655. (in Russian).
  8. M’Ikiugu M.M., Qianna W., Kinoshita I. Green Infrastructure Gauge: A tool for evaluating green infrastructure inclusion in existing and future urban. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2011. V. 68. P. 815–825.
  9. Oshchepkova A.Z., Stolbov V.A. Ecological infrastructure: a reality that requires reflection. Challenges and perspectives of geographical studies. Perm: Perm State University Publishing House, 2001. P. 70–84. (in Russian).
  10. Pauleit S., Ambrose-Oji B., Andersson E., Anton B., Buijs A., Haase D., Elands B., Hansen R., Kowarik I., Kronenberg J., Mattijssen T. Advancing urban green infrastructure in Europe: Outcomes and reflections from the GREEN SURGE project. Urban forestry & urban greening. 2019. V. 40. P. 4–16.
  11. Pauleit S., Vasquéz A., Maruthaveeran S., Liu L., Cilliers S.S. Urban green infrastructure in the Global South. Urban ecology in the Global South. Springer, Cham, 2021. P. 107–143.
  12. Potaev G.A., Sysoyeva V.A. The current state and prospects for the development of “green” urban planning in the Republic of Belarus. Architecture. 2018. Iss. 11. P. 116–123. (in Russian).
  13. Sysoyeva V.A. Approaches to the planning, design and regulatory regulation of “green” cities. Architecture. 2019. Iss. 12. P. 93–100. (in Russian).
  14. Tzoulas K., Korpela K., Venn S., Yli-Pelkonen V., Kaźmierczak A., Niemela J., James P. Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using Green Infrastructure: A literature review. Landscape and urban planning. 2007. V. 81 (3). P. 167–78.
  15. Wang X.J. Analysis of problems in urban green space system planning in China. Journal of forestry Research, 2009. V. 20 (1). P. 79–82.
  16. Wright H. Understanding green infrastructure: the development of a contested concept in England. Local Environment. 2011. V. 16. No. 10. P. 1003–1019.

For citation: Kurlovich D.M., Usova I.P., Sysoyeva V.A. Cartographic and geoinformational support for development of green urban planning in the Republic of Belarus InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2021. V. 27. Part 1. P. 151–164. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2021-1-27-151-164 (In Russian)