About a unique cultural landscape and especially protected nature territory “The Tract Vvedenskoe-Borisovka” in New Moscow

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2019-2-25-271-287

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Author

Olga I. Markova

Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov,
Leninskiye Gory 1, GSP-1, 119991, Moscow, Russia,
E-mail: solntsevaolga1401@gmail.com

Abstract

The heritage of New Moscow when the territories were united, began to be regarded as the heritage of the capital. In the Troitsk Administrative District, in the settlement of Pervomaisky with a center in the village of Ptichnoye, not far from the village of Kukshevo, exist the village of Vvedenskoye-Borisovka—a rural settlement with traditional nature management, recreated on the site of the disappeared village, in which repeatedly appeared the icons of Mother of God. Traditional agricultural nature management (including beekeeping) and the cultural landscape, supported by ancient sources, are very important for preserving the traditional image of the territory, including attractive for recreants. The complex of temples, built on the best examples of Old Russian wooden architecture, is harmoniously integrated into the natural landscape.

Interesting natural heritage sites are adjacent to the historical natural boundary, the “Malinki” ornithological territory and the “Black Alder Forest” nature monument of regional importance, as well as the “Malinki” biogeocenological station, where observations, scientific research and various scientific events have been carried out since 1963. Since 1977, the station has been a part of the Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS named after A.N. Severtsov. In the formation of a biostation under the guidance of Academician V.N. Sukachyov environmental work began and economic activity in the area reduced.

The village of Vvedenskoye-Borisovka with a temple complex, the ornithological territory and the “Malinki biostation”, the natural monument “Black-Alder Forest” and the surrounding territories of agricultural and forestry nature management even before the district joined Moscow were included in territorial planning schemes as РА. Here, sections of the relict southern taiga have been preserved, and this territory is the only complete primary ecosystem in New Moscow. One of the options for the name of the РА was the name “Key Natural Territory Pakhrinsko-Desninsky 19-10”. Currently, plans to give the protection status of the territory are practically not implemented.

Since 2012, illegal construction has been developing in the area in the form of several cottage villages and roads to them. Houses and household plots in these villages are successfully implemented. Thus, there is a pronounced conflict of nature management. Such commercial activities should be stopped to preserve valuable natural and cultural landscapes.

Keywords

cultural landscape, natural and cultural heritage, especially protected nature area, New Moscow, large scale maps and plans.

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For citation: Markova O.I. About a unique cultural landscape and especially protected nature territory “The Tract Vvedenskoe-Borisovka” in New Moscow InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: Moscow University Press, 2019. V. 25. Part 2. P. 271–287. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2019-2-25-271-287 (In Russian)