GIS and cartographic modeling of people’s dispersion in Russia

http://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2019-1-25-298-307

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Aleksandr A. Cherkasov

North-Caucasian federal university, department of socio-economic geography, geoinformatics and tourism,
Stavropol, Pushkina str. 1, 355000, Russia,
E-mail: cherkasov_stav@mail.ru

Irina V. Chernova

North-Caucasian federal university, department of socio-economic geography, geoinformatics and tourism,
Stavropol, Pushkina str. 1, 355000, Russia,
E-mail: chernova_skfu@mail.ru

Nikolai V. Sopnev

North-Caucasian federal university, department of socio-economic geography, geoinformatics and tourism,
Stavropol, Pushkina str. 1, 355000, Russia,
master student,
E-mail: sopnev.stav@gmail.com

Abstract

Over the past decades, geographical research has developed the practice of using a wide range of cartographic works and GIS models of varying complexity. An important place in the study of the resettlement of the peoples living in Russia, traditionally occupies the map. It is a modern-day map that makes it possible to assess the complexity of the ethnic mosaic of the country, to determine the areas of people settlement and changes in the boundaries of these areas associated with the movement of the population, to identify regional features and patterns.

The paper presents the author’s experience of studying the characteristics of the settlement of peoples living in Russia, which is based on the use of geoinformation-cartographic modeling, in particular the use of such methods as centerographic, density of points (areas of settlement), statistical surfaces (three-dimensional images).

Models prepared by the method of point density, allow us to estimate the geography of the settlement of ethnic groups, to identify areas of high concentration of one or another ethnic group, etc. The models prepared by the method of statistical surfaces (three-dimensional images), due to the upward “peak” and color mapping, demonstrate regions with the maximum number of ethnic groups. The centrographic method made it possible to determine the territorial displacement vector of the areas of settlement, which is expressed in the dynamics of displacement of the centers of gravity.

Multivariate modeling with the ability to compare models over time (in our case, according to the All-Union population censuses of 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989 and the All-Russian censuses 2002 and 2010) allows to increase the informativeness of the study, to provide a more detailed description of the same process to identify patterns and trends in the geography of the settlement of ethnic groups.

The administrative-territorial division of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, district municipalities and urban districts was used as a cartographic basis. Approbation of cartographic methods was carried out on the example of the resettlement of Ukrainians in Russia.

Keywords

GIS modeling, mapping, areas of settlement, statistical surfaces, centrography.

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For citation: Cherkasov A.A., Chernova I.V., Sopnev N.V. GIS and cartographic modeling of people’s dispersion in Russia InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: Moscow University Press, 2019. V. 25. Part 1. P. 298–307. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2019-1-25-298-307