Information support of investigations of environment and socio-economic conditions of White Sea and watershed

http://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2019-1-25-122-137

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Nikolay N. Filatov

Northern Water Problems Institute, KRC RAS, Petrozavodsk,
A. Nevskogo 50, 183030, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia,
E-mail: nfilatov@rambler.ru

Pavel V. Druzhinin

Institute of Economics, KRC RAS, Petrozavodsk,
A. Nevskogo 50, 183030, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia,
E-mail: pdruzhinin@mail.ru

Vladimir V. Menshutkin

St. Petersburg Economics and Mathematics Institute of the RAS.
30–1, Syzranskaya st., St. Petersburg, Russia, 191187,
E-mail: menshutkina.n@gmail.com

Abstract

The work is devoted to the study of the systemic socio-economical-ecological processes of the White Sea and the catchment area as a region of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. The study undertakes to substantiate the organization of comprehensive studies of social-environmental-economic processes at the White Sea and in its catchment as a region of the Russian Arctic. Several regions of the Russian Federation occupy the catchment area. The paper demonstrates the main features of the state of the environment, climate change, and provides a description of existing databases and multidisciplinary atlases describing the social, environmental and economic processes in the White Sea catchment which are useful for systematic studies of the region. The purpose of creating information and reference systems, databases, GIS, atlases is to use them to target economic activities, provide basic research, predict the impact of climatic and anthropogenic changes on ecosystems. The present-day state and some scenarios of possible change in the economy and its impact on the environment are considered. It is noted that the rate of economic development in the regions situated in the White Sea catchment is slower than in Russia on average. The main reasons for that are discussed. The paper presents the models that allow assessing the impact of regional economic development on the environment of the catchment area and the water ecosystem of the sea. One of the most important research targets of this study is to estimate the economic impact on the environment and the living condition of the population. It is shown that the state of the environment in the Russian regions is determined primarily by the degree of development of the regional economy and its structure—the share of industry in the GRP. So-called comfortable living conditions are under investigation. Special attention is given to the environmental impact of fisheries, which is one of the main occupations for people in the region. Preliminary results of integrated studies of the social-ecological-economic processes in the White Sea catchment and prospects for the development of cognitive models are proposed.

Keywords

socio-economy, environment, atlas, GIS, climate, models, watershed.

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For citation: Filatov N.N., Druzhinin P.V., Menshutkin V.V. Information support of investigations of environment and socio-economic conditions of White Sea and watershed InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: Moscow University Press, 2019. V. 25. Part 1. P. 122–137. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2019-1-25-122-137