APPLICATION OF DATA OF LAND REMOTE SENSING IN GIS FOR ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCHES

http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-2-24-141-150

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Inessa E. Sidorina

Saint Petersburg State University,
Universitetskaya nab. str., 7–9, 199034, Saint Petersburg, Russia,
E-mail: innablank@mail.ru

Natalia A. Pozdnyakova

Saint Petersburg State University,
Universitetskaya nab. str., 7–9, 199034, Saint Petersburg, Russia,
E-mail: qlnat@mail.ru

Anastasia A. Kruzhilina

Saint Petersburg State University,
Universitetskaya nab. str., 7–9, 199034, Saint Petersburg, Russia,
E-mail: nastyakruga@yandex.ru

Andrey V. Polyakov

Institute for the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Dvotsovaya nab. str., 18, 191186, Saint Petersburg, Russia,
E-mail: poliakov@yandex.ru

Abstract

Over the past twenty years, geoinformatics in Russia has become a necessary tool and an essential part of scientific research. Because of its close interaction with cartography, a new applied scientific direction—geoinformation mapping (GM)—was formed. The methods of spatial analysis used in the GM and geoinformatics raised archaeological research to a new level. They develop within the framework of one of the cartography branches—archaeological mapping.

Modern archaeological cartography is not only a way of displaying findings and historical events, but also is one of the methods of scientific research.

The Department of Cartography and Geoinformatics of St. Petersburg State University and the Institute of the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences have been working together for several years on deciphering and cataloging Neolithic archaeological sites in the Middle Yenisei (Minusinsk hollows) using remote sensing data. Work is underway to compile a catalogue and discover archaeological sites in the area of the Middle Yenisei. The last two years, it became possible to use new data—images taken with an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The use of UAVs opened huge opportunities for deciphering of archaeological sites.

The application of remote sensing data for geoinformation mapping of archaeological sites is a scientific area that is actively developing now, thanks to technological capabilities: high resolution imagery and programs that allow processing of spatial data. It is important to automate the process of detection and deciphering, to develop a unified system of symbols for archaeological maps, to catalogue monuments. We should not forget that reasonable visualization and geoinformation analysis of the data will allow us to reveal regularities in the location of archaeological objects, to model historical processes and phenomena, to put forward new hypotheses.

Keywords

geoinformation mapping, archeology, GIS, space image, land remote sensing, UAV.

References

  1. Afanasyev G.E., Savenko S.N., Boxes D.S. Antiquities of the Kislovodsk hollow. M.: Scientific world, 2004. 240 p. (in Russian).
  2. Akasheva A.A. The space analysis of data in historical sciences. Use of geoinformational technologies: educational and methodical grant. Nizhny Novgorod: Nizhny Novgorod State University, 2011. 79 p. (in Russian).
  3. Athos Agapiou. Remote sensing heritage in a petabyte-scale: satellite data and heritage Earth Engine applications International Journal of Digital Earth, 2017. V. 10, No 1. P. 85–102.
  4. Bagautdinov R.S. Research of a possibility of use of space pictures for identification of archaeological objects R.S. Bagautdinov, V.N. Kopenkov, V.N. Myshkin, V.V. Sergeyev, S.A. Tribunsky. Computer optics. 2015. V. 39, No 3. P. 439–444 (in Russian).
  5. Derrold W. Holcomb, Irina LitaShingiray. Imaging Radar in Archaeological Investigations: An Image Processing Perspective James Wiseman, Farouk El-Baz. Remote Sensing in Archaeolo gy (Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology. Springer, 2007. 553 p.
  6. Gavrilov A.V., Smekalova T.N., Bevan B.V. Garipov Ampere-second. Distant and geophysical surveys of settlement monuments in a steppe part the district of antique Feodosiya the Bulletin of the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Fund, 2016. No 3–4(84–85). P. 29–46 (in Russian).
  7. Korobov D.S. Fundamentals of geoinformatics in archeology: Manual. M.: Publishing house of the Moscow university, 2011. 224 p. (in Russian).
  8. Krupochkin E.P. About new opportunities of distant searching of archaeological monuments according to NDVI and to results of space filtration of multispectral pictures News of the Altai state university, 2010. No 3–1. P. 105–115 (in Russian).
  9. Lisetsky F.N., Marinin O.A., Terekhin E.A. Experience of complex mapping of deposits occurring at different times on the shchebnistykh soils in rural the District of Kerkinitidy Problemy of history, philology, culture. 2016. No 2. P. 227–246 (in Russian).
  10. Lurye I.K. Geoinformational mapping. Methods of geoinformatics and digital processing of space pictures: Textbook. M.: KDU, 2010. 424 p. (in Russian).
  11. Medvedev A.A., Martinov A.Y., Kudikov A.V. Remote sensing of the neolithic artifacts in the russian north Proceedings of XXVII International Cartographic Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 23–28 August 2015. 2015.
  12. Mongayt A.L. Tasks and possibilities of archaeological cartography. Soviet archeology. 1962. No 1. P. 19–43 (in Russian).
  13. Orlov P.V., Tataurova L.V., Lashev M.V. Use of unmanned aerial vehicles and the systems of high-precision satellite positioning for creation of three-dimensional landscape models of archaeological monuments the Virtual archeology (non-destructive methods of researches, model operation, reconstruction): materials of the First International conference State Hermitage. SPb.: State publishing house. Hermitage, 2013 (in Russian).
  14. Peng Lu, Ruixia Yang, Panpan Chen, Yangshan Guo, Fulong Chen, Nicola Masini, Rosa Lasaponara. On the use of historical archive of aerial photographs for the discovery and interpretation of ancient hidden linear cultural relics in the alluvial plain of eastern Henan, China Journal of Cultural Heritage. Supplement, March 2017. V. 23. P. 20–27.

For citation: Sidorina I.E., Pozdnyakova N.A., Kruzhilina A.A., Polyakov A.V. APPLICATION OF DATA OF LAND REMOTE SENSING IN GIS FOR ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCHES Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(2):141–150 http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-2-24-141-150