View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Oleg D. Vasilyev

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Geographical faculty,
Leninskie gory, 1, b. 1, Moscow, Russia

Zubov State Oceanographic Institute,
Kropotkinskiy pereulok, 6, Moscow, Russia.


Sergey V. Chistov

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Geographical faculty,
Leninskie gory, 1, b. 1, Moscow, Russia


The article presents some results of the study of the forests ecological functions in Moscow region. The reference landscapes of glacial and water-ice genesis have been chosen in various physico-geographical regions, such as Verkhnevolzhskaya lowland, Klinsko-Dmitrovskaya range, Teplostanskaya Upland, Meshcherskaya lowland.

The authors proposed a method of mapping the evaluation of environmental-forming and protective ecological functions. As a basic unit of assessment, an epiassociation is chosen [Sochava, 1972]. The epiassociation represent the ecological condition of the forest cover, as it gives the possibility of using the ratio of indigenous, short- and long-term communities to determine the extent of human impact and preservation of forest ecological functions.

The article presents an estimation of the forests cenotic variety for reference landscapes in Moscow region. The authors have also updated the vegetation map of the Moscow region (scale 1 : 200 000). The epiassociation were ranked by groups of environmental-forming ability using the Landsat satellite data. The values of production of oxygen and annual deposition of carbon by forest epiasociations were calculated in accordance with method by [Utkin et al., 2003; Varfolomeev, Mironenko, 2012]. The highest values of the oxygen production are characteristic of small-leaved forests with gray and black alder, hazel and willow in the composition. The authors created unique maps for the evaluation of environmental-forming functions of forest. The protective functions of forests: anti-erosion, water-saving, biostation, conservation of species diversity,—were estimated and described using additional cartographic and other sources of information ecological maps. Conjugated ecological map series was developed as a result of this study.


ecological functions of forest, landscape complex of forest types, remote sensing of forest, oxygen production, carbon deposition, sustainable development.


  1. Annenskaya G.N., Zhuchkova V.K., Kalinina V.R., Mamai I.I., Nizovtsev V.A., Khrustaleva M.A. Tsesel’chuk Yu.N. Landscapes of the Moscow region and their current state, Smolensk: SGU, 1997. 296 p. (in Russian).
  2. Bazilevich N.I. Biological productivity of Northern Eurasia ecosystems. Moscow: Nauka, 1993. 293 p. (in Russian).
  3. Chistov S.V. Using the principle of nature of rationality in dealing with the major programs of the Moscow region. Problemy zemlepol’zovaniya v svyazi s razvitiem maloetazhnogo zhilishchnogo stroitel’stva v Moskovskom regione. M., 1993. P. 49–54 (in Russian).
  4. National Atlas of Russia. Environment (Nature). Ecology, M.: FGUP “Gosgistsentr”, 2004. 495 p. (in Russian).
  5. Rubtsov M.V. Classification of the functions of forests and its roles. Lesovedenie. 1984. No 2. P. 3–10 (in Russian).
  6. Sochava V.B. Vegetation classification as a hierarchy of dynamic systems. Geobotanicheskoe cartografirovanie. L.: Nauka, 1972. P. 3–18 (in Russian).
  7. Usoltsev V.A., Zalesov S.V. Carbon deposition in the forests of some ecotones and on the forested areas of the Ural Federal District. Yekaterinburg: Ural’skii gosud. lesotekhn. un-t. 2005. 224 p.
  8. Usoltsev V.A. Eurasian Forest Biomass and Primary Production Data. Yekaterinburg: UrO RAN, 2010. 570 p. (in Russian).
  9. Utkin A.I., Zamolodchikov D.G., Pryazhnikov A.A. Methods for determination of carbon accumulation in phytomass and net productivity of forest (by the example of stands in Republic of Belarus. Lesovedenie. 2003. No 1. P. 48–57 (in Russian).
  10. Varfolomeev A.Y., Mironenko A.A. Decrease of oxygen segregation by coniferous stands in case of biological damage accumulation. Fundamental research. 2012. No 9. P. 361–369 (in Russian).
  11. Vasilyev O.D., Chistov S.V. Researching and creating maps of environmental-forming functions of the forests of New Moscow. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Geodeziya i aerofotos”emka. 2016. V. 60, No 5. P. 128–133 (in Russian).
  12. Zamolodchikov D.G., Utkin A.I., Korovin G.N. Conversion Coefficients Phytomass/Reserves Related to Dendrometric Parameters and Stand Composition. Lesovedenie. 2005. No 6. P. 73–81 (in Russian).
  13. Zamolodchikov D.G. The evaluation system and projections of carbon stock in forest ecosystems. Ustoichivoe lesopol’zovanie. 2011. No 4(29). P. 15–22 (in Russian).
  14. Zimin M.V. Development of a methodology for mapping the environment-forming functions of boreal forests in European Russia. PhD dissertation. M., 2009. 157 p. (in Russian).

For citation: Vasilyev O.D., Chistov S.V. RESEARCHING AND CREATING MAPS OF ECOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF FOREST IN MOSCOW REGION: THE METHOD AND RESULTS Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(1):348–367