MODELING AND SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC CONDITION OF THE WHITE SEA RESERVOIR

http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-297-309

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Pavel V. Druzhinin

Institute of economy of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Nevskogo, 50, 185030, Petrozavodsk, Russia,
E-mail: pdruzhinin@mail.ru

Nikolay N. Filatov

Northern Water Problems Institute of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Nevskogo, 50, 185030, Petrozavodsk, Russia,
RAS Corr. Fellow,
E-mail: nfilatov@rambler.ru

Marina V. Moroshkina

Institute of economy of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Nevskogo, 50, 185030, Petrozavodsk, Russia,
E-mail: maribel@mail.ru

Olga V. Derusova

Northern Water Problems Institute of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Nevskogo, 50, 185030, Petrozavodsk, Russia,
E-mail: derusova@petrsu.ru

Olga V. Potasheva

Institute of economy of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Nevskogo, 50, 185030, Petrozavodsk, Russia,
E-mail: lelyapotasheva@yandex.ru

Abstract

The article is devoted to studying of ekologo-economic processes on a reservoir of the White Sea. Development of economy in five regions entering a reservoir (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Vologda regions, Republics of Karelia and Komi Republic) was considered, the structure of the economy and the degree of its impact on the environment were analyzed. Information was collected on the regions as a whole and on municipalities. Graphs of economic and environmental indicators were constructed, and their interrelation was studied. Economic and ecological maps of the White Sea reservoir were built. It was shown that, in general, the economic development of the White Sea reservoir is slower, than of the Russian Federation as a whole. Based on the analysis of graphs and maps the models were constructed that made it possible to estimate the impact of development of the regional economy on the environment. The change in economic policy determined environmental and economic processes, three periods are singled out on the graphs—1990–1998, 1999–2008 and 2009–2016, when the type of dependence of environmental indicators on economic indicators is changing. In the first period, the economic decline determined the dynamics of environmental indicators, the best characteristics were found in a single-factor equation. In the second period, the impact of economic growth was compensated by investments in economic modernization and environmental investments and environmental indicators were slowly improving. Also positive impact was exerted by structural changes in economy. In the third period investments in modernization of the enterprises and conservation have decreased, as a result, despite insignificant economic growth at a part of regions ecological indicators have worsened. The constructed maps have allowed allocating the unfavorable territories and parts of the White Sea, which are most prone to negative impacts of economic objects.

Keywords

sustainable development, economic development of the region, map of pollution, the White Sea.

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For citation: Druzhinin P.V., Filatov N.N., Moroshkina M.V., Derusova O.V., Potasheva O.V. MODELING AND SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC CONDITION OF THE WHITE SEA RESERVOIR Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(1):297–309 http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-297-309