GEOINFORMATIONAL SUPPORT OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT: ACTUAL STATE AND HIGHLIGHTS OF DEVELOPMENT

http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-253-261

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About the Author

Maria A. Kargashina

Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Leninskie Gory, 1, GSP-1, 119991, Moscow, Russia,
E-mail: m.kargashina@mail.ru

Abstract

Nowadays the evolution of information support for urban development is the one of the most relevant problems facing science and administration. It is accepted that it should be based on cartography and geographic information sciencet. It allows it combine the capabilities of traditional mapping with the functionality of modern GIS technologies. The described approach will create an effective tool for managing the development of territories.

Currently, there is being carried out an active work on this area. There has been created the Federal state system of territorial planning and information systems for urban development at the state level. Moreover, there have been developed numerous normative documents. However, the thorough analysis of the actual state have shown that some fundamental issues are missed when working in this direction. The current development of information support is mostly focused on solving technological and organizational issues. At the same time, the specialists pay insufficient attention to the modeling of the territory by means of cartography and Geoinformatics. It leads to the the fact that map becomes just a graphical application. The purpose of such map is to show mathematically defined geodata on the sheet of paper. The principal consequence is that GIS technologies don’t fulfill their functions and participants don’t gain expected positive effect of geoinformation technology utilization.

This problem can be successfully solved by means of using the existing approaches, which are well known in cartography and geoinformation science. There is offered the conceptual scheme of organization of information support of urban development activity in this article. The suggested approach is based on the analysis of structure and workflows accompanying urban planning. The scheme specifies the stages and sequence of works, the tasks of each stage and the place of received materials in the workflows.

Keywords

geographic information support, cartographic support, urban development, urban planning, territorial development planning.

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For citation: Kargashina M.A. GEOINFORMATIONAL SUPPORT OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT: ACTUAL STATE AND HIGHLIGHTS OF DEVELOPMENT Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(1):253–261 http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-253-261