GEODEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSES OF THE BRYANSK-BELGOROD SECTION OF THE RUSSIAN BORDERLAND

http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-148-157

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About the Author

Aleksandr I. Igonin

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography,
Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991, Moscow, Russia,
E-mail: geoigonin@gmail.com

Abstract

The paper presents the results of studies of territorial differentiation of demographic processes through the example of the Bryansk-Belgorod section of the Russian borderland. A methodology for collecting and processing of statistical data on the population is proposed. For the analysis of the data, a GIS for monitoring of demographic development of the borderland has been developed. A series of maps has been created based on the indicators of the composition and structure of the population, demographic processes and their dynamics. On the basis of key indicators, the shifts in the sex and age composition of the population have been estimated.

The index method for estimating the changes in the total fertility rate made it possible to reveal the extent to which the shifts in the age and sex composition of the population influenced its dynamics using a specific example. Detailed analysis of territorial features and peculiarities of natural movement of the population made it possible to identify areas of intensive depopulation and its scale. Estimates of territorial differences in the intensity and results of migration exchange have been made. The system allows periodic monitoring of changes in demographic processes.

As a result of the assessment of territorial differentiation, key features of geodemographic composition of the Bryansk-Belgorod section of the borderland were identified. Despite the general insignificant population growth, due to the dynamics in the city of Belgorod, the key trend is still the depopulation. The main result of the work performed is the research complex of the geographic information system of monitoring of demographic development of the border area and geodemographic analysis. Confirmation of its efficiency is a proof of fundamental importance of development of the digitalization process in geodemographic studies.

Keywords

borderland, geodemographic process, geodemographic composition, GIS, monitoring.

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For citation: Igonin A.I. GEODEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSES OF THE BRYANSK-BELGOROD SECTION OF THE RUSSIAN BORDERLAND Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(1):148–157 http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-148-157