VALUE OF TERRITORIES CONNECTED WITH MOSCOW IN 2012 AND OPPORTUNITIES OF THEIR OPTIMIZATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-86-98

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Olga I. Markova

Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Leninskiye Gory, 1, GSP-1, 119991, Moscow, Russia,
E-mail: solntsevaolga@rambler.ru

Valentina V. Maslennikova

Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Leninskiye Gory, 1, GSP-1, 119991, Moscow, Russia,
E-mail: lcm@geogr.msu.su

Abstract

The plan of expanding of the territory of Moscow was officially presented on July 11, 2011, and was implemented on July 1, 2012. Affiliated territories were called New Moscow (another variant is Big Moscow). As a result, the area of Moscow increased 2.4 times, and the Russian capital took the 6th place in the rating of the largest cities in the world in terms of area. The extension of Moscow is chosen in the south-west direction as optimal for urban planning, transportation and environmental functions.

Besides small territories on the western side of Moscow region, two large and holistic territories were joined with Moscow—Troitsky and Novomoskovsk districts, which were transformed into administrative districts with the same names (in the reduction T&NAD).

The affiliated territories are divided into zones of varying degrees of urbanization. Currently, their active development and building are planned in accordance with the selected functions—administrative-business, health-improving and recreational. The development of new territories provides for the creation of 12 “points of growth” for various purposes. Also the building and expanding of the road network is planned.

The territory of New Moscow is rich in natural and cultural resources, many interesting objects of cultural heritage, red book species of plants and animals. It is necessary to plan the development of the territory, which will basically preserve these objects, as well as existing natural and cultural landscapes. Besides in New Moscow exist some environmental problems which should not be exacerbated during the development of T&NAD as a part of the Moscow agglomeration.

The created map of T&NAD reflects settlements subdivided by population, administrative centers of settlements, transport, the main directions of urban development, the territories of high-priority building and points of the economic growth. The map can be used in the management of territories, the Moscow science, the education, scientific and practical activities.

Keywords

new districts of Moscow, territorial planning, urban development, points of economic growth, sustainable development.

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For citation: Markova O.I., Maslennikova V.V. VALUE OF TERRITORIES CONNECTED WITH MOSCOW IN 2012 AND OPPORTUNITIES OF THEIR OPTIMIZATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(1):86–98 http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-86-98