MAPPING OF POTENTIAL REGIONS OF ECOLOGICAL DISTURBANCES IN THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC

http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-75-85

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About the Authors

Stanislav K. Belousov

Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: web-town@mail.ru

Alexander V. Evseev

Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: avevseev@yandex.ru

Tatiana M. Krasovskaya

Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: krasovsktex@yandex.ru

Abstract

A forecast map was compiled presenting potential ecological hot spots and impact zones originated from ecological destabilization connected with implementation of the Arctic zone economic development programs adopted recently. To reveal hot-spots we used revised methods elaborated by experts from MSU, AARI, Ministries of Natural Resources and Economic Development of Russia, RAS, Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring etc. for detection of ecological hot spots at the Russian North in the frames of GEF project (2000). At the first stage type of unfavorable ecological impact, its scale were studied, followed by vectors of ecological disturbances. Analogies with the already existing hot spots, expert experiences of long-term field investigations of unfavorable ecological changes patterns were used in our work to find these characteristics. About 20 hot-spots connected with industrial (mineral resources extraction) and transport infrastructure activities (The Northern Sea Route infrastructure, new railway branch- lines etc.) as well as growth of residential nature management in the unstable to anthropogenic impact ecosystems. Mapping methods correspond to methods adopted for the map published earlier within the frames of the mentioned above project, enabling to make necessary comparing. Explanatory note includes brief characteristics of the revealed objects according to the analyzed parameters presented in a table. Hot spots groups shown at the map are the risk evidence of new impact regions appearance in case of inadequate compensatory measures directed at environment rehabilitation and ecological improvement of new economic activities.

Keywords

Arctic, ecological disturbances, forecast, mapping.

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For citation: Belousov S.K., Evseev A.V., Krasovskaya T.M. MAPPING OF POTENTIAL REGIONS OF ECOLOGICAL DISTURBANCES IN THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(1):75–85 http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-75-85