LANDSCAPE-ECOLOGICAL PLANNING OF THE COASTAL ZONE OF SOUTH-WEST CRIMEA

https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2017-1-23-277-285

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Author

V. N. Danekina

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Geographical Faculty
Russian Federation
119991, Moscow, Leninskie Gory, 1

Abstract

The article is devoted to the application of methods of landscape planning in order to maintain the sustainable state of the coastal south-western part of the Crimean peninsula. There are many protected landscapes in this territory, including reserves and other specially protected landscapes. However, the network of such specially protected natural resources can not fully satisfy the resources they consume and simultaneously maintain a favorable ecological situation in the region. The results of studies of the prospects and prerequisites for the formation and preservation of the landscape-ecological framework of the South-Western Crimea have been presented. Various groups of factors that negatively affect the ecological state of the region are analyzed, among them construction in coastal protective bands, recreational digression of soils and vegetation, pollution with industrial wastewater, illegal sand sampling, etc. Assessment of nature use structures has shown that the existing system needs landscape-ecological justification and planning. The structure of the landscape-ecological framework of the South-Western Crimea has been developed. Its elements have been identified, which contain natural “cores” subject to special protection, ecological corridors and buffer zones. In the course of the study, a mapping of the landscapeecological planning organization of the coastal territory of the Crimean coast has been carried out. The map-scheme shows the elements of the landscape-ecological framework, landscape zones and belts and types of anthropogenic landscapes. In the conditions of limited economic development of the territory, the landscape-ecological framework must include transformed anthropogenic landscapes. Landscape planning should be carried out taking into account regional features of the Black Sea coast, for this purpose the article gives a brief description of the landscape diversity and stability of landscape geosystems. The most important tasks that can be solved in the ecological design of the territory have been investigated. The recommendations listed in the article make it possible to provide the analysis not only with respect to the situation in the country, but also can be put into effect with the aim of improving territorial organization of the region.

Keywords

landscape planning, ecological design, ecological network, tourism.

References

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For citation: Danekina V.N. LANDSCAPE-ECOLOGICAL PLANNING OF THE COASTAL ZONE OF SOUTH-WEST CRIMEA. Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2017;23(1):277-285. https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2017-1-23-277-285