THE ACCOUNTING OF A FACTOR OF TRANSBOUNDARY CLUSTERING DYNAMICS OF ECONOMIC AND RESIDENTIAL SYSTEMS OF COASTAL ZONES OF RUSSIA: GEOINFORMATION ASPECT

https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2017-1-23-81-93

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About the Author

A. G. Druzhinin

North-Caucasus Research Institute of Economic and Social Problems, Southern Federal University
Russian Federation
Rostov-on-Don, 344006, B.Sadovaya st, 105

Abstract

Both thalasso-attractiveness of the whole Russia and its poly-scale inversions (existing at macro- and meso-levels) have been pointed out. Their causes have been shown (including the conjugation with economic clustering and the development of cross-border and transnational ties). On the basis of geoinformation approach the inventory and typology of cross-border clusters in the coastal zones of European Russia has been implemented; the factors and prospects for their formation, functioning and development are analyzed and theoretically considered. Based on the synthesis of instrumental approaches implemented in the study (including the socio-economic zoning and economic (eco-economic) structuring of the World’s oceans), the full-scale delimitation and typology of the coastal zone have been made (for all coastal regions of the European part of Russia), taking into account its regional socio-economic and residential specifics, geo-economic and geopolitical context, as well as the extent and nature of cross-border economic and socio-cultural relations. The prototype of the cartographic model of the settlement systems’ evolution in the coastal zone of the European part of Russia has been proposed (including its indicators and principles of scale). Based on it, as well as on the generated database (containing detailed demographic and socio-economic information for 14 regions and 94 “seaside” municipalities), the schematic map of the localization and dynamics of the seaside settlement is developed for the Baltic (Saint Petersburg, Leningrad Region, Kaliningrad Region) and the Black Sea coast (Crimea). Analytical matrix of the settlement system has been submitted with the application of cluster and network structures and key infrastructure components. The model has allowed us to assess the projection of structural, technological, market-cyclical and geopolitical factors on the dynamics of settlement in coastal zones (with the emphasis on the dynamics of “maritime economy” industries, including maritime transport, shipbuilding, “port industry”, recreation, etc.). Also it has allowed us to identify the areas of socio-economic dominance of the leading coastal cities and their metropolitan areas with the active processes of cross-border clustering.

Keywords

cross-border clusters, coastal zone, geographic information system, mapping, Russia.

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For citation: Druzhinin A.G. THE ACCOUNTING OF A FACTOR OF TRANSBOUNDARY CLUSTERING DYNAMICS OF ECONOMIC AND RESIDENTIAL SYSTEMS OF COASTAL ZONES OF RUSSIA: GEOINFORMATION ASPECT. Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2017;23(1):81-93. https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2017-1-23-81-93