Creating a virtual model of the area of Greater Sochi–Krasnaya Polyana–Lago-Naki Plateau

DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2023-1-29-589-606

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Ilya A. Rylskiy

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography,
1, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia,

Dmitriy A. Paramonov

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography,
1, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia,

Anna Yu. Kozhukhar

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography,
1, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia,

Anna I. Terskaya

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Space Researches,
1 build 52, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia,


The design of ski resorts, considering the surrounding areas and their characteristics, is a complex and multifaceted process that requires taking into account not only the geographical, but also the socio-economic aspects of the region. Along with the assessment within the mountain slopes, the project should assess the features of the development of the territory, its engineering development and other technogenic elements of the anthropogenic impact on the area. Experience in the construction of such facilities indicates that high-precision spatial data on the area of work are in demand by all participants in the processes of economic evaluation of the project and design. This information is used to optimize the location of lifts, driveways, snow gun conduits, landscape design solutions, hotels, restaurants and other residential infrastructure. The most promising method of geoinformation support for such projects today is the selection of complex multi-scale GIS data, including laser scanning with simultaneous planned and inclined aerial photography. Subsequently, these materials, together with highly detailed satellite images of adjacent territories, are used to create virtual models with a set of functions adapted to the needs of users with an average and low level of training in working with spatial data. At this stage, classic full-featured GIS packages have a number of disadvantages. The most common problem for users who have not previously encountered such data is the difficulty in mastering. Full-featured GIS packages can be expensive to purchase, while free solutions don’t provide enough functionality. The use of significant spatial data in a situation where users are located in different locations requires high-speed Internet access, and still does not provide the desired performance and flexibility. The approach to data organization used in this work eliminates the above disadvantages. There is no need to use complex GIS packages. As a replacement, virtual environments are created that are closed from editing and access to the source data. The resulting virtual model of the territories of existing and planned elements of ski clusters is focused on increasing the spatial awareness of users. It was possible to realize the functionality and the possibility of using the model on conventional computers in the mode of combining the high spatial accuracy of the model with its significant territorial coverage (over 25 000 km2).


airborne imagery, virtual model, remote sensing, GIS, LIDAR


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For citation: Rylskiy I.A., Paramonov D.A., Kozhukhar A.Yu., Terskaya A.I. Creating a virtual model of the area of Greater Sochi–Krasnaya Polyana–Lago-Naki Plateau. InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2023. V. 29. Part 1. P. 589–606. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2023-1-29-589-606 (in Russian)