GIS analysis of the protected plant species distribution in the Crimea

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2021-3-27-242-255

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Anton A. Novikov

Branch of Moscow State University in Sevastopol, Department of Geography,
Heroes of Sevastopol, 7, Sevastopol, Russia;

Institute of Natural Technical Systems,
Lenin, 28, Sevastopol, Russia;

E-mail: a_novik@bk.ru

Ekaterina S. Kashirina

Branch of Moscow State University in Sevastopol, Department of Geography,
Heroes of Sevastopol, 7, Sevastopol, Russia;

Sevastopol State University, City Development Institute,
Kornilova, 1, Sevastopol, Russia;

E-mail: e_katerina.05@mail.ru

Tatyana V. Pankeeva

A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS,
Sevastopol, Russia;
E-mail: tatyanapankeeva@yandex.ru

Marina D. Ankudinova

Branch of Moscow State University in Sevastopol, Department of Geography,
Heroes of Sevastopol, 7, Sevastopol, Russia;
E-mail: mapuha_2000@mail.ru

Abstract

The article presents the results of the analysis of the protected plant species distribution on the Crimean peninsula using GIS technologies. The mapping of protected species is an important scientific and conservation task. The knowledge of the protected species location allows us to effectively select environmental protection measures, to introduce restrictions in the schemes of economic use and territorial planning. As a source of information, we used data from the Global Biodiversity Information Fund (GBIF), which unites such large databases of Russian biodiversity as the Moscow State University Digital Herbarium and the INaturalist portal. The resulting dataset includes 5187 records of 196 taxa of protected Crimean species. The dataset includes 58 plant families. It was determined that the maximum number of observations was noted for trees, especially conifers—high juniper (198) and deltoid juniper (286). Many observations are available for flowering plants—Crimean peony (157), purple orchis (161), dwarf iris (161). It is shown that a high concentration of finds of protected plant species is noted in the southwestern part of Crimea, on the southern coast and in the mountainous part. Separate local areas with protected plant species are noted along the sea coast. It is calculated that the largest number of detected protected plant species falls on the mid-mountain landscape level, the smallest—on the upland level. It was revealed that about 100 species of protected plants of Crimea are not registered in GBIF, which requires special research. The maximum number of species for which there are no data in the databases used are very rare and grow in remote parts of the peninsula. They are partly represented by relics, stenotopic species, single populations, which complicates their search. The obtained results can be used for monitoring protected plant species, territorial planning, environmental studies at the design stage of new residential and infrastructure facilities.

Keywords

databases, GIS technologies, protected species, flora, Crimean peninsula.

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For citation: Novikov A.A., Kashirina E.S., Pankeeva T.V., Ankudinova M.D. GIS analysis of the protected plant species distribution in the Crimea InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2021. V. 27. Part 3. P. 242–255. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2021-3-27-242-255 (In Russian)