Depth of the relief dissection on the territory of the Crimean Peninsula

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2020-2-26-95-105

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Author

Vladimir A. Tabunshchik

A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS (IBSS), Geomatics Research Center,
Nakhimov Ave, 2, 199034, Sevastopol, Russia,
E-mail: tabunshchyk@ya.ru

Abstract

The Crimean Peninsula is a unique natural area that combines both mountain and flat terrain. However, the characteristics of the relief of the Crimean Peninsula in most cases are limited only to a qualitative assessment. In the article, the relief of the Crimean Peninsula is measured and a map of depth of the relief dissection of the Crimean Peninsula is constructed. Methods of constructing such maps using modern methods of geoinformatics and open geodata — digital terrain model Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) are discussed. On the basis of the methodology for the territory of the Crimean Peninsula, a map of depth of the relief dissection is constructed. The values of the indicator of depth of the relief dissection of the Crimean Peninsula range from 0 to 790 m per km2. Average value of the depth of the relief dissection of the Crimean Peninsula is 46 m per km2. Geographically, the indicator of the depth of the relief dissection of the Crimean Peninsula is distributed irregularly. On the territory of the Crimean Peninsula, value the depth of the relief dissection are 50 m per km2 (80 % of the total area) prevail, which is due to the fact that most of the peninsula has a flat terrain. The highest indicator values of the depth of the relief dissection is typical for the southwestern part of the Crimean Peninsula, where there are the greatest differences in elevation between yailas (Ai-Petri yaila, Yalta yaila, Gurzuf yaila, Nikita yaila, Babugan-Yaila) and slopes steeply down to the southern coast of Crimea. In addition, the distribution of the terrain depth index for landscape levels on the territory of the Crimean Peninsula was analyzed: the minimum, maximum, and average values of the of the depth of the relief dissection of the Crimean Peninsula and landscape level of the Crimean Peninsula were determined.

Keywords

the Crimean Peninsula, relief, depth of the relief dissection, landscape

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For citation: Tabunshchik V.A. Depth of the relief dissection on the territory of the Crimean Peninsula InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: Moscow University Press, 2020. V. 26. Part 2. P. 95–105. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2020-2-26-95-105 (In Russian)