The hazardous hydrological phenomena in the territory of Krasnodar Region (the short review)

https://doi.org/10.35595/2414-9179-2019-2-25-232-246

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Ksenia A. Chalaya

Kuban State University,
Stavropolskaya str., 149, 350040, Krasnodar, Russia,
E-mail: femida89@list.ru

Anatoly V. Pogorelov

Kuban State University,
Stavropolskaya str., 149, 350040, Krasnodar, Russia,
E-mail: pogorelov_av@bk.ru

Evgeni A. Perov

SGA KT “Territorial center of monitoring and forecasting of emergency situations of natural and technogenic character”,
Rashpilevskaya str., 179/1, 350040, Krasnodar, Russia,
E-mail: gistcmp@mail.ru

Abstract

Among the hazardous hydrological phenomena high waters, floods, the ice-blocking and hanging dam phenomena, mudflows are characteristic of the territory of Krasnodar region. Despite the high frequency and annual significant damage from hazardous hydrological phenomena, their study in the region (with intraregional detailing) still does not correspond to the level of threats from these phenomena. For the analysis of distribution and temporary variability of the specified hazardous phenomena materials of hydrometeorological observations on network of hydrological posts and meteorological stations of Federal Hydrometereology and Environmental Monitoring Service are used, automated meteorological complex and complex for measurement of rainfall long-term (2000–2018) of observations of «The territorial center of monitoring and forecasting of emergency situations of natural and technogenic character» (TCMFE). The network of monitoring of a flood situation of TCMFE is presented by 189 automated hydrological complexes on 145 water objects of edge. Now in the environment of departmental GIS the database of all hazardous hydrological phenomena and the accompanying hydrometeorological indicators noted in the territory of Krasnodar region is formed. As a result of the organization of a specialized network and geoinformation support of measurements, regional studies of hazardous hydrological phenomena have been brought to a new qualitative level.

In the article the main attention on materials of the recorded cases is paid to the most hazardous phenomena—floods, including «tornado floods». Features of their long-term and seasonal variability are established, regularities of spatial distribution in the region in connection with geographical conditions are revealed.

Preliminary data processing of the automated system of monitoring of a flood situation during her functioning—since 2013 is executed. Characteristic examples of the hazardous phenomena are given. The results of temporal variability are presented in the form of graphs; the spatial distribution of some hazardous hydrological phenomena (floods, mudslides) is illustrated by maps.

Keywords

Krasnodar region, hazardous hydrological phenomena, observation network, monitoring, geodatabase.

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For citation: Chalaya K.A., Pogorelov A.V., Perov E.A. The hazardous hydrological phenomena in the territory of Krasnodar Region (the short review) InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: Moscow University Press, 2019. V. 25. Part 2. P. 232–246. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2019-2-25-232-246 (In Russian)