Estimation of avalanche risk in Khibiny

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About the Author

Marina A. Vikulina

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Department of a cryolithology and glaciology,
Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991, Moscow, Russia,


In recent years, the Government of the Russian Federation considerably increased attention to the exploitation of the Russian Arctic territories. Simultaneously, the evaluation of snow avalanches danger was enhanced with the aim to decrease fatalities and reduce economic losses. However, it turned out that solely reporting the degree of avalanche danger is not sufficient. Instead, quantitative information on probabilistic parameters of natural hazards, the characteristics of their effects on the environment and possibly resulting losses is increasingly needed. Such information allows for the estimation of risk, including risk related to snow avalanches.

Here, snow avalanche risk is quantified for the Khibiny Mountains, one of the most industrialized parts of the Russian Arctic: major parts of the territory have an acceptable degree of individual snow avalanche risk (<1×10-6). The territories with an admissible (10-4–10-6) or unacceptable degree of individual snow avalanche risk (0.2 and 1.2 % of the total area) correspond to the Southeast of the Khibiny Mountains where settlements and mining industries are situated. Moreover, due to an increase in winter tourism, some traffic infrastructure is located in valleys with and admissible or unacceptable degree of individual snow avalanches risk.

In this work method of estimation individual avalanche risk of Khibiny Mountains with helps GIS technologies are offered and tested. In this paper, a method for assessing the individual avalanche risk Khibin using GIS technologies was proposed and tested.


Arctic, Khibiny Mountains, avalanche risk, individual avalanche risk, estimation of risk.


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For citation: Vikulina M.A. Estimation of avalanche risk in Khibiny InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: Moscow University Press, 2019. V. 25. Part 2. P. 66–76. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2019-2-25-66-76 (In Russian)