DEVELOPMENT OF THE GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM “SOILS OF THE REPUBLIC OF KARELIA”: DESIGNING THE CONCEPT AND THE STRUCTURE

http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-2-24-262-270

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Gulnara V. Akhmetova

Forest Research Institute of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Pushkinskaya str., 11, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Russia,
E-mail: akhmetova@krc.karelia.ru

Olga N. Bakhmet

Forest Research Institute of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Pushkinskaya str., 11, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Russia,
E-mail: obahmet@mail.ru

Sergey G. Novikov

Forest Research Institute of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Pushkinskaya str., 11, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Russia,
E-mail: novikovsergey.nsg@gmail.com

Maria V. Medvedeva

Forest Research Institute of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Pushkinskaya str., 11, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Russia,
E-mail: mariamed@mail.ru

Anton N. Solodovnikov

Forest Research Institute of Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Pushkinskaya str., 11, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Russia,
E-mail: solod@krc.karelia.ru

Abstract

Numerous maps have been created using the vast material about soils and the soil cover of the Republic of Karelia gathered over more than 60 years of studies. Basic soil maps of various scales have been made both for the entire region and for its parts, thematic schematic maps of the physicochemical properties of soils and the content of macro- and microelements in them were drawn. For this cartographic information to be used for scientific and practical purposes as efficiently as possible, it should be systematized and presented through an integrated interface. The most promising approach is to use modern technology and create the geographical information system (GIS) “Soils of the Republic of Karelia”.

The basis for this GIS are the archival maps converted into vector format: The Soil Map of Karelia (1 : 500 000 scale, 1955) and sheets of the State Soil Map for the territory of Karelia (1 : 1 000 000 scale, 1962).

This paper discusses the concept and outlines the stages of constructing the GIS “Soils of the Republic of Karelia”. Its structure has been worked out and includes the sections “Maps of natural conditions”, “General soil maps”, “Thematic soil maps”, “Materials of soil studies”. Thus, the GIS to be created will include vector and raster materials and primary tabular data.

Owing to the suggested principles, the work to fill the GIS with both archival materials on soil heritage and recent research data can be organized. This GIS is designed to support both purely scientific and applied tasks, providing the basis for environmental monitoring, and can be used by various authorities and educational institutions.

Keywords

geoinformational technologies, database, soils of Karelia, soil maps.

References

  1. Akhmetova G.V., Bakhmet O.N. Digital version of soil map of Karelia. Scale 1 : 500 000. Diversity of forest soil and biodiversity of forest. Proceedings of 5th All-Russian conference. Pushchino: IFKhiBPP RAN, 2013. P. 27–29 (in Russian).
  2. Atlas of Karelian ASSSR. M.: Main department of geodesy and cartography, 1989. 40 p. (in Russian).
  3. Cartography of Karelia. Part 1. Atlases and maps. Petrozavodsk, 2014. 77 p. (in Russian).
  4. Cartography of Karelia. Part 2. Maps from books. Bibliographical references. Petrozavodsk, 2014. 665 p. (in Russian).
  5. Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems. Elsevier, 2017. 1474 p.
  6. Digital Soil Mapping: An Introductory Perspective / Eds.: P. Lagacherie, A.B  McBratney, M. Voltz. Developments. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006. 600 p.
  7. Digital soil mapping: theoretical and experiential surveys. Collection of articles. M.: Pochvennyi institut im. V.V. Dokuchaeva, 2012. 357 p. (in Russian).
  8. Electronic geographic atlas of Karelia. Pertozavodsk, 2015. CD.
  9. Fedorets N.G., Bakhmet O.N., Morozova R.M., Solodovnikov A.N. Soils and soil cover of protected areas of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: KarRC RAN, 2009. 109 p. (in Russian).
  10. Fedorets N.G., Bakhmet O.N., Solodovnikov A.N., Morozov A.K. Soils of Karelia: geochemical atlas. M.: Nauka, 2008. 47 p. (in Russian).
  11. Filatov N.N. An experience of information support for regions of the north of Russian Federation on the status and changes of water objects and drains under the influence of climatic and anthropogenic factors. InterCarto. InterGIS 23: Proceedings of the International Conference. V. 1. M.: Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 2017. P. 130–140 (in Russian). DOI: 10.24057/2414-9179-2017-1-23-130-142.
  12. Grunwald S., Thompson J.A., Boettinger J.L. Digital soil mapping and modeling at continental scales: finding solutions for global issues. SSSAJ. 2011. V. 75, No 4. P. 1201–1213. http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2011.0025
  13. Hartemink A.E., Krasilnikov P., Bockheim J.G. Soil maps of the world. Geoderma. 2013. V. 207–208. P. 256–267. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.05.003
  14. Marchenko A.I. Soils of Karelia. M.; L.: Izd-vo Akad. nauk SSSR, 1962. 310 p. (in Russian).
  15. Meshalkina Yu.L. Digital soil mapping: theoretical and experiential surveys. Collection of articles. M.: Pochvennyi institut im. V.V. Dokuchaeva, 2012. P. 9–18 (in Russian).
  16. Miller B.A., Schaetzl R.J. The historical role of base maps in soil geography // Geoderma. 2014. V. 230–231. P. 329–339. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.04.020
  17. Minasny B., McBratney A.B. Digital soil mapping: A brief history and some lessons // Geoderma. 2016. V. 264. P. 301–311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.07.017
  18. Morozova R.M. Soils and soil cover of Valaam archipelago. Petrozavodsk: Karel. nauch. tsentr RAN, 2002. 169 p. (in Russian).
  19. National atlas of Russian soils. M.: Astrel’, 2011. 632 p. (in Russian).
  20. Republic of Karelia: atlas / Ed. by S. Erokhin, E. Moskvitin. SPb., 2001. 136 p. (in Russian).
  21. Soil map of Karelia, Scale 1 : 500 000, compiler O.N. Mikhailovskaya, 1955. Archive of laboratory of forest pedology, Forest research Institute of KarSC RAS. (in Russian).
  22. Soil map of Karelia, Scale 1 : 1 000 000, compiler R.M. Morozova, 1996 (Archive of laboratory of forest pedology, Forest research Institute of KarSC RAS) (in Russian).
  23. Soils of Karelian ASSR. V. 1: South Karelia. M.; L.: Izd-vo Akad. nauk SSSR, 1937. 104 p. (in Russian).
  24. State soil map of USSR, pages Kirovsk, Petrozavodsk, Olonets, M 1 : 1 000 000, 1962 (Archive of laboratory of forest pedology, Forest research Institute of KarSC RAS).

For citation: Akhmetova G.V., Bakhmet O.N., Novikov S.G., Medvedeva M.V., Solodovnikov A.N. DEVELOPMENT OF THE GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM “SOILS OF THE REPUBLIC OF KARELIA”: DESIGNING THE CONCEPT AND THE STRUCTURE Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(2):262–270 http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-2-24-262-270