STUDY OF HOTSPOTS AND CINDERS IN THE WESTERN PART OF THE REPUBLIC OF MORDOVIA USING SPACE INFORMATION

http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-2-24-178-185

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Natalia A. Kislyakova

National Research Mordovian State University,
Bolshevistskaya str., 68, 430005, Saransk, Russia,
E-mail: varfol_nata@mail.ru

Alexander F. Varfolomeev

National Research Mordovian State University,
Bolshevistskaya str., 68, 430005, Saransk, Russia,
E-mail: alex_varfol@mail.ru

Vladimir F. Manukhov

National Research Mordovian State University,
Bolshevistskaya str., 68, 430005, Saransk, Russia,
E-mail: manuhov@mail.ru

Abstract

The possibilities of using specialized software products Erdas Imagine 9.1 and ArcGIS 9.2 are considered with the aim of studying some natural and anthropogenic factors based on space information. In particular, the technology of linking space images, deciphering foci of forest fires, counting the areas of burnt out areas is described. A geometric correction of the image was performed, which is carried out in order that the spherical image of the earth’s surface was correctly represented on the plane and had the metric properties of the map. To this end, the necessary coordinates were obtained using the Google Earth service, in which the images are represented in the global WGS-84 coordinate system. Then the image used in the work was transformed into SK-42 (1942 coordinate system) using the Erdas Imagine v. 9.1 software package. The possibility of using the algorithm of cluster classification of a space image, incorporated in the program Erdas Imagine v. 9.1, was studied with the aim of studying the recognition of burnout. The article uses the capabilities of the geo-information service for rapid fire monitoring in the Russian Federation—ScanEx Fire Monitoring Service (SFMS), which provides access to satellite data of low, medium and high spatial resolution. Free and free access to space data is realized through the popular Google Earth resource and the Russian portal “Fires—Cosmos”. The technology described in the work allows us to identify the incipient fires of forest fires, quickly monitor the spread of fire in order to ensure the safety of people, and subsequently assess the damage to forestry in the country.

Keywords

space images, information and geoinformation technologies, Internet resources, aerospace training.

References

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For citation: Kislyakova N.A., Varfolomeev A.F., Manukhov V.F. STUDY OF HOTSPOTS AND CINDERS IN THE WESTERN PART OF THE REPUBLIC OF MORDOVIA USING SPACE INFORMATION Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(2):178–185 http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-2-24-178-185