GEOINFORMATION MONITORING OF WATER USE IN LAKE BAIKAL BASIN

http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-341-347

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About the Authors

Andrew N. Beshentsev

Baikal Institute of Nature Management, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Sakhyanovoy str., 8, 670047, Ulan-Ude, Russia,
E-mail: abesh@mail.ru

Darima Ts. Tsibudeeva

Territorial Department of Water Resources for the Repubic of Buryatia, Yenisei Basin Water Administration,
Borsoeva str., 3, 670000, Ulan-Ude, Russia,
E-mail: dartsib@mail.ru

Abstract

The modern importance of optimizing the use of water resources in the Baikal natural territory (BNT) is indicated. A universal methodology for a comprehensive assessment of the region’s water management activities based on geo-information technology is proposed. The research stages are described, including the natural and economic zoning of the territory, the ranking by intensity of the aggregate anthropogenic load on water bodies and river basins, zoning of the territory to optimize the target use of water resources. The GIS of water use in the BNT on the basis of materials of federal statistical information is presented. According to the results of the geo-information analysis, 13 natural-economic areas with characteristic geo-ecological characteristics of water resources formation were identified and spatial regularities of location of water use objects in the investigated territory were revealed. As a result of zoning of the territory for the purposeful use of water resources, 5 zones were identified in the study area for the specific use of water objects, regulated by environmental restrictions on economic activities at the BNT, and also by the nature and intensity of the current and projected water use. A set of measures to optimize water use within the zones of targeted use of water resources is proposed. It is determined that the main water management activities in the study area are associated with the preservation of the ecological system of the lake Baikal and with the prevention of the negative impact of water use on its condition.

Keywords

water use, water management objects, GIS, geoinformation assessment, zoning.

References

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For citation: Beshentsev A.N., Tsibudeeva D.Ts. GEOINFORMATION MONITORING OF WATER USE IN LAKE BAIKAL BASIN Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(1):341–347 http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-341-347