SPATIOTEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF THE INCIDENCE OF CANCER DISEASES CASE STUDY OF SOUTHERN REGIONS OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION

http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-109-122

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About the Authors

Olga E. Arkhipova

Federal Research Center The Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Chehova str., 41, 344006, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
E-mail: arkhipova@ssc-ras.ru

Elena A. Chernogubova

Federal Research Center The Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Chehova str., 41, 344006, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
E-mail: eachernogubova@mail.ru

Natalia V. Likhtanskaya

Federal Research Center The Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Chehova str., 41, 344006, Rostov-on-Don, Russia,
E-mail: natalikht@gmail.com

Abstract

The principles of developing regional medical and environmental monitoring systems using geoinformation technologies are based primarily on the works of leading domestic and foreign scientists in the field of environmental monitoring, urban ecology, ecogeochemistry and bioindication of urban landscapes, as well as environmental risk assessment for public health and geoecological and geoinformation cartography, tested in various regions of Russia, the United States and other countries of the world.

The method proposed by the authors for assessing and predicting the medical and environmental situation at various territorial levels is based on a combination of traditional methods of research of oncological morbidity and the use of geoinformation technologies on the basis of modern software ArcGis Desktop*.

The peculiarity of the proposed methodology is that not only ecosystem and population indices are used to assess “health of the environment”, but also indicator indicators of the state of various depositing media and living organisms.

The statistical data on environmental indicators in urban and municipal districts of the Rostov region, obtained as a result of social and hygienic monitoring of atmospheric air, street noise, drinking water, soil, as well as data on the primary oncological morbidity in the regions and cities of the Rostov Region for 2001–2016 were analyzed, provided by the Rostov Oncological Dispensary and the Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Rostov Region.

The task of the study is to analyze the historical series of observations to assess the probability of repetition of certain values of the selected variables.

The result of the calculation is the integral map of medical and ecological safety of the Rostov region.

The study found that, despite the complex, mediated and inertial nature of the impact of environmental quality on health indicators, within, the regional differentiation of the level of primary detection of oncological diseases largely corresponds to the spatial distribution of indicators of medical and environmental safety.

Applied technologies will allow to optimize the management of medical care for patients with malignant neoplasms based on the identification of territories and risk groups for oncological pathology, to justify the principles of the formation of regional programs to reduce mortality from malignant neoplasms.

Keywords

medical-ecological monitoring, geoinformation modeling, medical and health safety, cancer diseases, state indicators.

References

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For citation: SPATIOTEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF THE INCIDENCE OF CANCER DISEASES CASE STUDY OF SOUTHERN REGIONS OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2018;24(1):109–122 http://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2018-1-24-109-122