NATURAL ECONOMIC ZONING OF RUSSIA

https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2017-1-23-108-117

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Author

T. A. Vorobyova

Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

Faculty of Geography, Department of Environmental Management,

Leninskie Gory 1, Moscow, 119991

Abstract

The article is devoted to drawing up a map of natural and economic zoning. The map shows the results of human-nature interaction. Materials for analysis are satellite images. The map has been compiled on the basis of interpretation of satellite images using the method of morphological analysis of the territory; it reflects the real picture of the differentiation of the territory of Russia into regions with different spatial and temporal structure of nature management, historically formed in certain natural and socio-economic conditions. The map gives data necessery for understanding the general geographical patterns of the formation of modern territory appearance as a result of regional differences in the sectoral and territorial structure of nature management, which has resulted in differences in ecological situation. While маking up the map, we used series of satellite images with different resolution and ranges, wide range of natural and socio-economic maps, as well as that provide, authenticity in showing the spatial distribution of natural and economic complexes. The main factors that determine the appearance of the territorial structure of nature use are bioclimatic, geological-geomorphological, anthropogenic. We have allocated 110 districts. This provides information for identifying the structure of nature management. First of all, there are flat and mountainous areas. For the plains, three taxonomic units have been adopted, hierarchically subordinated to each other: natural economic zones, provinces and districts. On the map there can be seen zonal, regional and local features of the interaction of economic activities with the natural environment.

Keywords

regional nature management, natural-economic zoning, natural-economic areas, structuraltextural (morphological) analysis, satellite imagery.

References

  1. Antipova A.V. Geografija Rossii. Ekologo-geograficheskij analiz territorii [Ecological and geographical analysis of the territory]. Moscow: MNJePU, 2001, pp. 102–121 (in Russian).
  2. Antipova A.V. Rossija. Ekologo-geograficheskij analiz territorii [Ecological and geographical analysis of the territory]. Moscow – Smolensk: Madzhenta, 2011, Shema prirodnohozjajstvennogo rajonirovanija Rossii, pp. 154–160 (in Russian).
  3. Baklanov P.Ja., Pojarkov B.V., Karakin V.P. Prirodno-hozjajstvennoe rajonirovanie: obshchaja koncepcija i ishodnye principy [Natural and economic regionalization: a common concept and initial principles.],Geografija i prirodnye resursy, 1984, No 1, pp. 7–14 (in Russian).
  4. Bartalev S.A., Egorov V.A. et al. Sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija metodov sputnikovogo kartografirovanija rastitel’nogo pokrova Rossii [Condition and development of methods of satellite mapping for the vegetative cover of Russia.], Sovremennye problemy distancionnogo zondirovanija Zemli iz kosmosa, 2015, T.12, No 5, pp.203–221 (in Russian).
  5. Vorob’yova T.A., Zengina T.A. Opyt prirodo-hozjajstvennogo rajonirovanija territorii Respubliki Burjatija dlja celej razvitija rekreacionnogo prirodopol’zovanija [Environmental and economic zoning of the Buryatia for the purposes of development of recreational nature management.]. InterCarto. InterGIS-20: Ustojchivoe razvitie territorij: kartografogeoinformacionnoe obespechenie, Belgorod – Har’kov, 2014, pp. 451–459 (in Russian).
  6. Vorob’yova T.A., Levina E.B., Murashkinceva G.V., Rozhdestvenskaja N.A. Prirodnohozjajstvennoe rajonirovanie v celjah sozdanija GIS s distancionnym potokom informacii [Natural and economic regionalization in order to create a GIS with a remote information flow.]. Geoinformacionnye sistemy s distancionnym potokom informacii. Geograficheskoe obespechenie upravlenija hozjajstvom, Pod. Redakciej Ju.G.Simonova, Moscow: MGU, geogr. f-t, 1990, pp. 10–30 (in Russian).
  7. Vorob’yova T.A., Simonov Ju.G., Spektor I.R., Rozhdestvenskaja N.A. Geograficheskoe obespechenie ispol’zovanija distancionnoj informacii v operativnom upravlenii [Geographical support of the use of remote information in operational management], Vestn. Mosk. unta, Ser. 5, Geogr., 1987, No 4, pp. 3–9 (in Russian).
  8. Isachenko A.G. Landshaftovedenie i fiziko-geograficheskoe rajonirovanie [Landscape science and physico-geographical zoning], Moscow: Vysshaja shkola, 1991, 365 p. (in Russian).
  9. Isachenko A.G. Landshaftnoe rajonirovanie Rossii kak osnova dlja regional’nogo ekologogeograficheskogo analiza [Landscape zoning of Russia as a basis for regional ecogeographical analysis.]. Izvestija RGO, 1996, T. 128, Vyp. 5, pp. 12–24 (in Russian).
  10. Isachenko A.G. Landshaftnaja struktura Zemli, rasselenie, prirodopol’zovanie [The landscape structure of the Earth, settlement patterns, environmental management]; SanktPeterburgskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, St. Petersburg: Izdat. dom SPbGU, 2008, 320 p. (in Russian).
  11. Karta “Kosmicheskij obraz Rossii i sopredel’nyh territorij” [The cosmic image of Russia and adjacent territories] masshtab 1:5 000 000, VSEGEI im. A.P. Karpinskogo, 2008 (in Russian).
  12. Kljuev N.N., Jakovenko L.M. Postsovetskaja Rossija: prirodno-hozjajstvennoe rajonirovanie [Post-Soviet Russia: natural-economic zoning]. Problemy regional’noj ekologii, 2004, No 4, pp. 3–12 (in Russian).
  13. Kosmicheskaja geografija. Poligonnye issledovanija [Space Geography. Polygon studies], Pod red. Ju.G. Simonova. Moscow: MGU, 1988, 128 p. (in Russian).
  14. Mihajlov N.I. Fiziko-geograficheskoe rajonirovanie [Physico-geographical zoning]. Moscow: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 1985, 184 p. (in Russian).
  15. Nevjazhskij I.I. Prirodopol’zovanie kak nauka i mesto etnosocial’nyh prirodohozjajstvennyh sistem v nej [Nature use as a science and the place of ethnosocial environmental management systems in it], Vestnik MGU, Ser. 5, Geogr., 1994, No 3, pp. 24–30 (in Russian).
  16. Nacional’nyj atlas Rossii. Tom 2. Priroda i ekologija [Nature and ecology.]. FGUP “GOSGISCENTR”, Moscow, 2004 (in Russian).
  17. Nacional’nyj atlas Rossii. Tom 3. Naselenie. Ekonomika [National Atlas of Russia. Volume 3. Population. Economy]. Moscow: Roskartografija, 2008 (in Russian).
  18. Pojarkov B.V., Baklanov P.Ja., Arzamascev I.S. et al. Prirodno-hozjajstvennoe rajonirovanie Dal’nego Vostoka [Natural and economic regionalization of the Far East]. Vladivostok, DV NC AN SSSR, 1984, pp. 6–18 (in Russian).
  19. Privalovskaja G.A. Rajonirovanie territorii SSSR kak metod izuchenija vzaimodejstvija hozjajstva so sredoj [Zoning of the territory of the USSR as a method for studying the interaction of the economy with the environment]. Sovershenstvovanie prirodopol’zovanija: geograficheskij analiz, Moscow: IG AN SSSR, 1983, pp. 15–36 (in Russian).
  20. Savel’eva I.L. Prirodno-hozjajstvennoe rajonirovanie Rossii [Natural and economic regionalization of Russia]. Geografija i prirodnye resursy, 1997, No 4, pp. 24–38 (in Russian).
  21. Saushkin Ju.G. Prirodno-hozjajstvennye rajony Sovetskogo Sojuza [Natural and economic regions of the Soviet Union]. Vestnik MGU, Ser. 5, Geogr., 1980, No 4, pp. 3–13 (in Russian).

For citation: Vorobyova T.A. NATURAL ECONOMIC ZONING OF RUSSIA. Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2017;23(1):108-117. https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2017-1-23-108-117