GEOGRAPHY OF ENERGY. A WORLD IN TRANSITION

https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2016-2-22-51-61

View or download the article (Eng)

About the Authors

N. Karanikolas

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Russian Federation
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Engineering, School of Spatial Planning and Development

D. Vagiona

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Russian Federation
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Engineering, School of Spatial Planning and Development

Abstract

Geography and energy are two major scientific fields. From one side Geography is the science which answers fundamental questions of spatial behavior of all environmental and human phenomenon and from the other side energy is actually the «fuel» of economic and social development for many countries and regions especially after industrial revolution. In today’s world energy came to be one of the major fields of development, success or even conflict between countries and societies. The division of energy producers and energy suppliers and the world with access to energy or not came to be one of the major problems of world nations. During the last decades’ geography of energy is a result of the tiny mix of geography and energy science. Tiny, because of the very few publications in the field although it is seriously accelerating during the 21st century. It is only after 1961, when the discussion about the role of geographers in the field of energy and the answers to common geographic questions like patterns and spatial understanding of the production, distribution and needs of energy came up to the foreground. It is true that the world face fundamental changes in the patterns of energy production, distribution and use. International and national policies of the countries are driving energy transitions from «conventional» to «unconventional» fossil fuels (Farrell and Brandt, 2006; Greene et al., 2006) and from non-renewable to renewable energy resources (REN21, 2012). These changes follow a pattern behavior and a spatial analysis of the phenomenon is seriously needed. In this paper the transition of energy forms and the spatial behavior of energy production and needs are discussed. The future of an -energy driven- world sets the background for new tools of analysis of the demand for energy from human race. A theoretical background of the field of geography of energy is also given.

Keywords

Geography of energy, energy landscapes, production and needs of energy.

References

  1. Andrews E., McCarthy J. Scale, shale, and the state: political ecologies and legal geographies of shale gas development in Pennsylvania. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 2013, pp. 1–10.
  2. Bickerstaff K. «Because we’ve got history here»: nuclear waste, cooperative siting, and the relational geography of a complex issue. Environment and Planning A 44: 2012, pp. 2611–2628.
  3. Bithas K., Kalimeris P. Re-estimating the decoupling effect: is there an actual transition towards a less energy-intensive economy? Energy 51: 2013, pp. 78–84.
  4. Bridge G. Heading ‘downstream’: Towards a cultural political economy of energy consumption. ‘Intervention remarks’ prepared for Energy Subjects: cultural economies of energy consumption Seminar 3 in the ESRC-funded ‘Geographies of Energy Transition’ series, Manchester October 15 2010, University of Manchester, 2010.
  5. Bridge G. Teaching energy issues in Geography. Briefing report prepared for the School of Environment and Development, University of Manchester. July 2012.
  6. Calvert K., Pearce J and Mabee W.E. Toward renewable energy geo-information infrastructures: applications of GIS and remote sensing that build institutional capacity. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 18: 2013, pp. 416–429.
  7. Calvert K., Mabee W.E. Energy transition management as a ‘spatial strategy’? Geographical implications of the transition toward renewable energy. Pennsylvania State University working papers, site: http://www.geog.psu.edu, access 2016.
  8. Calzonetti F.J., and Solomon B. (eds.). Geographical dimensions of energy. Boston, MA: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1985.
  9. Chapman J.D. A geography of energy: an emerging field of study. The Canadian Geographer 1: 1961, pp. 10–15.
  10. Cook E.F. Man, energy, society. San Francisco, USA: Freeman and Co. 1976.
  11. Court C.D., Jackson R.W., White N. The role of regional science in shale energy development. The review of Regional Studies 42: 2013, pp. 99–105.
  12. Devine-Wright P. Place attachment and public acceptance of renewable energy: a tidal energy case study. Journal of Environmental Psychology 31: 2007, pp. 336–343.
  13. Dorian J. P., Franssen H. T., Simbeck D. R. Global challenges in energy. Energy Policy, Vol. 34, No. 15, 2006, pp. 1984–1991.
  14. Dorow S., O’Shaughnessy S. Fort McMurray, Wood Buffalo, and the oil/tar sands: revisiting the sociology of «community»: Introduction to the special issue. Canadian Journal of Sociology 38(2): 2013, pp. 121–140.
  15. Farrell A.E., Brandt A.R. Risks of the oil transition. Environmental Research Letters 1: 014004, 2006.
  16. Feder D.A. Regionally based energy end-use strategy: case studies from Centre County, Pennsylvania. The Professional Geographer 56: 2004, pp. 185–200.
  17. Florini A., Sovacool B.K. Who governs energy? The challenges facing global energy governance. Energy Policy, Vol. 37, No. 12, 2009, pp. 5239–5248.
  18. Frantal B., Pasqualetti M.J., Van den horst D. New trends and challenges for energy geographies: Introduction to the special issue. Moravian Geographical Reports, 2/2014, vol. 22, 2014, pp. 2–6.
  19. Furlong K. Small technologies, big change: Rethinking infrastructure through STS and geography. Progress in Human Geography 35: 2011, pp. 460–482
  20. Greene D.L., Hopson J.L., Li J. Have we run out of oil yet? Oil peaking analysis from an optimist’s perspective. Energy Policy 34: 2006, pp. 515–531.
  21. Harrison C. The historical-geographical construction of power: electricity in eastern North Carolina. Local Environment 18: 2013, pp. 469–486.
  22. Hauser D.P. System costs and the location of new generating plants in England and Wales. Transaction of the Institute of British Geographers 54: 1971, pp. 101–121.
  23. Horner M.W., Zhao T. and Chapin T.S. Toward an integrated GIScience and energy research agenda. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101: 2011, pp. 764–774.
  24. Huber M. Energizing historical materialism: fossil fuels, space and the capitalist mode of production. Geoforum 40: 2008, pp. 105–115.
  25. IEA: World energy outlook, 2012, 2013.
  26. Kedron P. and Bagchi-Sen S. A study of the emerging renewable energy sector within Iowa. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101: 2011, pp. 882–896.
  27. Kittel C., Kroemer H. Thermal Physics. Macmillan. ISBN 9780716710882, 1980.
  28. Leach G. The energy transition. Energy Policy 20: 1992, pp. 116–123.
  29. Li W., Stadler W. and Ramakumar R. Modelling and assessment of wind and insolation resources with a focus on their complementary nature: a case study of Oklahoma. Annual Association of American Geographers 101: 2011, pp. 717–729.
  30. Luten D.R. The economic geography of energy. The scientific American 224: 1971, pp. 164–175.
  31. Mabee W., Mirck J. A regional evaluation of potential bioenergy production pathways in Eastern Ontario, Canada. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101: 2011, pp. 897–906.
  32. Manners G. The Geography of energy. London, UK: Hutchinson & Company, 1971.
  33. Nadaï A., Labussière O. Playing with the line, channeling multiplicity: wind power planning in the Narbonnaise (Aude, France). Environment and Planning D 31: 2013, pp. 116–139.
  34. Neville K.J., Dauvergne P. Biofuels and the politics of mapmaking. Political Geography 31: 2012, pp. 279–289.
  35. Nguyen H.T., Pearce J.M. Estimating potential photovoltaic yield with r.sun and the open source Geographical Analysis Support System. Solar Energy 84: 2010, pp. 831–843.
  36. Owens S. Energy, planning and urban form. London, UK: Pion, 1986.
  37. Pasqualetti M.J. Social barriers to renewable energy landscapes. Geographical Review 101: 2011, pp. 201–223.
  38. Pasqualetti M.J. The geography of energy and the wealth of the world. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101: 2011, pp. 971–980.
  39. Pryde P.R. Energy courses in American geography departments. Journal of Geography 84: 1985, pp. 154–157.
  40. Renewable Energy Network 21 (REN21). Renewables 2012: Global status report, 2012.
  41. Sabins F.F. Remote sensing for energy resources. In Encyclopedia of energy: Volume 2, ed. C.J. Cleveland, San Diego, CA: Elsevier, 2004, pp. 291–300.
  42. Simon C.A. Alternative Energy: political, economic and social feasibility Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2005.
  43. Solomon B.D., Pasqualetti M.J., Luchsinger D.A. Energy geography. In Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century, ed. G. Gaile and C. Willmott, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  44. Solomon B.D., Pasqualette M.J. History of energy in geographic thought, In Encyclopedia of energy: Volume 2, ed. C.J. Cleveland, San Diego, CA: Elsevier, 2004, pp. 831–842.
  45. Spinney J., Green N., Burningham K., Cooper G., Uzzell D. Are we sitting comfortably? Domestic imaginaries, laptop practices, and energy use Environment and Planning A 44: 2012, pp. 2629–2645.
  46. Spooner D.J. The geography of coal’s second coming. Geography 66: 1981, pp. 29–41.
  47. Spooner D.J. New geographies of energy. In: Kent A., (Ed), Reflective Practice in Geography Teaching. Kent, London, UK: Paul Chapman Publishing Ltd. 2000, pp. 68–83.
  48. Van der Kroon B., Brouwer R., can Beukering P.J.H. The energy ladder: theoretical myth or empirical truth? Results from a meta-analysis. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 20: 2013, pp. 504–513.
  49. Van Zyl F.D.W. Power supply and industry in South Australia. The Australian Geographer 6: 1968, pp. 507–514.
  50. Wang S., Leduc S., Obersteiner M., Schill C., Koch B. A new thinking for renewable energy model: Remote sensing-based renewable energy model. International Journal of Energy Research 33: 2009, pp. 778–786.
  51. Warr B., Ayres R., Eisenmenger N., Krausmann F., Schandl H. Energy use and economic development: a comparative analysis of useful work supply in Austria, Japan, the United Kingdom and the US during 100 years of economic growth. Ecological Economics 69: 2010, pp. 1904–1917.
  52. Zimmerer K. New Geographies of Energy: Introduction to the Special Issue. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. Vol. 101, No. 4, 2011, pp. 705–711.
  53. Zvoleff A., Kocaman A.S., Huh W.T., Modi V. The impact of geography on energy infrastructure costs. Energy Policy 37: 2009, pp. 4066–4078.

For citation: Karanikolas N., Vagiona D. GEOGRAPHY OF ENERGY. A WORLD IN TRANSITION. Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2016;22(2):51-61.