THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING COMMUNITY AS A FACTOR OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RUSSIA: STATISTICS AND GEOGRAPHICAL APPROACH TO THE ASSESSMENT

https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2016-1-22-397-415

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About the Author

S. V. Ryazantsev

Center for Demography of the Institute Social and Political Studies of the RAS
Russian Federation
Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head

Abstract

The article discusses the features of emigration from the Russian Federation during 1990–2010-ies, that is, after the collapse of the USSR. Identified singularity-of modern accounting system of emigration from Russia and are given real-estimate of the number of Russian immigrants based on correction data of Federal Service of State Statistics data from countries receiving Russian migrants. Identified geographical features of the settlement of immigrants from Russia, as well factors, promoting the formation of the Russian-speaking communities abroad. Identified six types of identity that allows a rough estimation of the number of Russian-speaking communities. The article explains the term «Russian- speaking communities» instead of the term «Russian diaspora», which is supported by the results of empirical statistical and sociological studies. Russian-speaking community considered as a factor in the future capable of providing a stable functioning and development of the Russian economy and the state. However, it was concluded that at present, the Russian-speaking community resource is undervalued by the Russian state, and diasporal policy is ineffective.

Keywords

Russian, statistics, emigration, the Russian-speaking community..

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For citation: Ryazantsev S.V. THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING COMMUNITY AS A FACTOR OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RUSSIA: STATISTICS AND GEOGRAPHICAL APPROACH TO THE ASSESSMENT. Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2016;22(1):397-415. https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2016-1-22-397-415