Cartographic analysis of shifts in the settlement of the main peoples of the Crimea from 1926 to 2014

DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2023-2-29-121-136

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About the Authors

Andrei G. Manakov

Pskov State University,
2, Lenin square, Pskov, 180000, Russia,

Ludmila B. Vampilova

Russian State Hydrometeorological University, Institute of Hydrology and Oceanology, Department of Water Engineering Research,
98, Malookhtinskij ave., St. Petersburg, 195196, Russia,

Fedor N. Lisetskii

Belgorod State National Research University,
85, Pobedy str., Belgorod, 308015, Russia,

Zhanna A. Buryak

Belgorod State National Research University,
85, Pobedy str., Belgorod, 308015, Russia,


Despite the significant cartographic elaboration of the subject related to the dynamics of the ethnic composition of the Crimean population in the 20th and early 21st centuries, there is one aspect of ethnodemographic dynamics that has been studied to a lesser extent using the cartographic method. The purpose of the study is to identify shifts in the settlement of the main peoples of Crimea (Russians, Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars) during the 20th century and the beginning of the XXI century. The entire period of cartographic research is divided into two-time intervals—from 1926 to 2001 and from 2001 to 2014. Interval from 1926 to 2001 made it possible to compare the settlement of the Crimean Tatars before deportation (1944) and after the main stage of their repatriation (1990s). By 2001, there was an increased concentration of Crimean Tatars in the northern, steppe part of the peninsula, which is explained by restrictions on their residence at the first stage of their repatriation. Also, in the steppe part of Crimea, the concentration of the Ukrainian population, invited to these territories at the final stage of the Great Patriotic War, became higher. Interval from 2001 to 2014 made it possible to trace changes in the settlement of the main peoples of the Peninsula after the Crimea changed its political subjectivity. For all three main peoples of Crimea, there is a shift in settlement from the northeast to the southwest of the peninsula, which corresponds to the general migration movement of the population of the region during this period. Part of the Ukrainian population left the northern regions of Crimea for political reasons. Crimean Tatars began to actively move to the Bakhchisaray region and to the Southern Coast of the Peninsula.


ethnic heterogeneity, ethnic concentration index, Russians, Ukrainians, Crimean Tatars


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For citation: Manakov A.G., Vampilova L.B., Lisetskii F.N., Buryak Z.A. Cartographic analysis of shifts in the settlement of the main peoples of the Crimea from 1926 to 2014. InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2023. V. 29. Part 2. P. 121–136. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2023-2-29-121-136 (in Russian)