Atlas information system “Foreign students in Russia”

DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2023-2-29-44-58

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Nikolai V. Sopnev

North-Caucasian Federal University, Department of Socio-Economic Geography,
1, Pushkina str., Stavropol, 355000, Russia,

Vitaly S. Belozerov

North-Caucasian Federal University, Department of Socio-Economic Geography,
1, Pushkina str., Stavropol, 355000, Russia,


Educational immigration is a specific category of migration, the role of which has been constantly growing in recent decades both in Russia and all over the world. In our country, due to the growing demographic crisis in most regions, educational immigration can become a way to mitigate unfavorable demographic processes. In this regard, it is important to understand the real geography of the immigration educational flow at various spatial levels. This specific category of migrations has its own spatial patterns, so it is necessary to realize an integrated approach to the study of student immigration, which allows to consolidate a wide set of statistical data from various sources of information, at various spatial levels, all over the world in general and in specific universities, conducting spatial analysis, modeling and visualizing the processes under study, atlas information systems allow to implement this request (AIS). The study presents the stages of preparation of the AIS “Foreign Students in Russia” including the development of the structure, the choice of software, the preparation of a spatial database, the choice of mapping methods, the development of a set of cartographic and visual models, the integration of the system into the web environment. The AIS implements the principle of multi-scale and it is prepared at 4 spatial levels: “Global”, reflecting the position of Russia in the world market of educational services; “Country”, containing indicators for Russia as a whole; “Regional”, which reflects the regional characteristics of student immigration; “Local”, which analyzes the nature of student immigration in universities of cities. Each section contains relevant materials based on student immigration, which allows to analyze the spatial features of students’ immigration processes in Russia and the capabilities of AIS as a visualization tool significantly increase the level of analytics and managerial decision-making if we consider the immigration policy not only of regions but also of universities in general.


international students, atlas information system, geoinformation technologies, student migration, mapping


  1. Abdullin R.K., Shikhov A.N., Tarasov A.V. The development of the digital atlas of climate change in the Ural region. Ecology. Economy. Computer science. Series: Geoinformation technologies and space monitoring, 2019. No. 4. P. 11–17 (in Russian). DOI: 10.23885/2500-123x-2019-2-4-11-17.
  2. Belozerov V.S., Cherkasov A.A. Geoinformation monitoring and modeling of migration and ethnic processes in Russia. Migration as a resource of socio-economic and demographic development. Moscow: Ekon-Inform, 2019. P. 34–40 (in Russian).
  3. Belozerov V.S., Tikunov V.S., Panin A.N. Atlas information system for the study of ethnodemographic processes in the Stavropol Krai. Moscow University Bulletin. Series 5. Geography, 2008. No. 1. P. 39–44 (in Russian).
  4. Cherkasov A.A. Atlas information system “Big cities of Russia”: Features of development and possibilities of application. InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2021. V. 27. Part 2, 2021. V. 27. No. 2. P. 5–16 (in Russian). DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2021-2-27-5-16.
  5. Cherkasov A.A., Chernova I.V., Sopnev N.V. GIS and cartographic modeling of people’s dispersion in Russia InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: Moscow University Press, 2019. V. 25. Part 1. P. 298–307 (in Russian). DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2019-1-25-298-307.
  6. Cherkasov A.A., Makhmudov R.K. Atlas information system “Population of the Stavropol Krai”. Geodesy and Cartography, 2022. No. (83) 12. P. 31–39 (in Russian).
  7. Chernova I.V. The methodology of creating “Interactive atlas mountain resettlement of the North Caucasus”. Science. Innovations. Technologies, 2016. No. 3. P. 225–232 (in Russian).
  8. Craglia M., Raper J. GIS and multi-media. Environ and Planning B, 1995. V. 22 (6). P. 634–636.
  9. Elzakker C.V. The use of electronic atlases. Seminar on Electronic Atlases. Visegrad, Hungary: Cartographic Institute of Eötvös Lorand University, 1993. P. 145–155.
  10. Hurni L. Multimedia atlas information systems. Encyclopedia of GIS. Boston: Springer, 2008. P. 759–763.
  11. Kazmina I.G., Mozgovoy N.V., Ryazantseva L.T. Creation of an ecological web atlas of the Voronezh region based on GIS technologies. Problems of Contemporary Science and Practice. Vernadsky University, 2013. No. 3 (47). P. 76–84 (in Russian).
  12. Kolosov V.A., Rudenko L.G., Tikunov V.S., Gercen A.A., Golovina E.D., Zotova M.V., Sebentsov A.S. Atlas information system of the Russian-Ukrainian borderland. Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”, 2014. V. 20. P. 24–44 (in Russian).
  13. Koshkarev A.V., Antipov A.N., Batuev A.R., Ermoshin V.V., Karakin V.P. Geoportals as part of spatial data infrastructures: Russian academy-supported resources and geoservices. Geography and Natural Resources, 2008. No. 1. P. 21–32 (in Russian).
  14. Koshkarev A.V., Tikunov V.S., Timonin S.A. “Demography” geoportal: Mapping methodology and technology. Geodesy and Cartography, 2010. No. 1. P. 24–31 (in Russian).
  15. Ku W.-Y., Liaw Yu.-P., Huang J.-Ya., Ndi Nfor O., Hsu Sh.-Y., Ko P.-Ch., Lee W-Ch., Chen Ch.-J. An online atlas for exploring spatio-temporal patterns of cancer mortality (1972–2011) and incidence (1995–2008) in Taiwan. Medicine, 2016. V. 95. No. 21. DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000003496.
  16. Lechthaler M. Interactive and multimedia atlas information systems as a cartographic geocommunication platform. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation Cartography. Berlin, 2010. P. 383–402.
  17. Ormeling F. Atlas information systems. 17th Int. Cartogr. Conf. and 10th Gen. Assembly ICA. Proc. Barcelona, 1995. V. 2. P. 2127–2133.
  18. Ormeling F. Functionality of electronic school atlases. Seminar on Electronic Atlases II. ICA Proc. on National and Regional Atlases. Prague, 1996. P. 33–39.
  19. Prikhodko R.A. Atlas information system “The educational complex of Stavropol Krai”. Regional Environmental Issues, 2008. No. 5. P. 57–61 (in Russian).
  20. Schneider B. Integration of analytical GIS functions in multimedia atlas information systems. Proc. of the 19th ICA/ACI Intern. Cartographic Conference ICC. Ottawa, 1999. P. 243–250.
  21. Shikhov A.N., Abdullin R.K. Atlas web mapping of hazardous hydrometeorological events in the Ural Prikamye region. Perm Federal Research Centre Journal, 2019. No. 3. P. 49–60 (in Russian). DOI: 10.7242/2658-705x/2019.3.5.
  22. Sieber R., Serebryakova M., Schnürer R., Hurni L. Atlas of Switzerland goes online and 3D-concept, architecture and visualization methods. Progress in Cartography. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Cham: Springer, 2016. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-19602-2_11.
  23. Sopnev N.V., Belozerov V.S., Panin A.N. Atlas information system “Regional Capitals of Southern European Russia”. InterCarto. InterGIS. GIS support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2022. V. 28. Part 2. P. 172–187 (in Russian). DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2022-2-28-172-187.
  24. Tikunov V.S. Atlas information system “Sustainable development of Russia”. Moscow University Bulletin. Series 5. Geography, 2002. V. 5. P. 21–31.
  25. Tikunov V.S. Atlas information systems for decision-making. Fundamentals of geoinformatics: Tutorial. For university students. Moscow: Academy, 2004. P. 285–304 (in Russian).
  26. Tikunov V.S., Chikharev I.A., Panin A.N., Rylskiy I.A. Atlas information system “Geopolitical Situation in the Greater Mediterranean: Principles of creation and technology of spatial analysis”. Science. Innovations. Technologies, 2019. No. 3. P. 107–114 (in Russian).
  27. Tikunov V.S., Rotanova I.N., Efremov G.A., Chuntai B. Atlas geoinformation mapping: New approaches on the example of the Atlas of the Greater Altai. Interexpo GEO-Siberia, 2016. No. 7. P. 55–62 (in Russian).
  28. Tikunov V.S., Yablokov V.M. Atlas information system for the Baikal region. Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”, 2013. V. 19. P. 197–202 (in Russian). DOI: 10.24057/2414-9179-2013-1-19-197-202.
  29. Timonin S.A. Atlas demographic information system of Russia. Dissertation … PhD of geographical sciences. Moscow: Lomonosov Moscow State University, 2013. 180 p. (in Russian).
  30. Vishnevsky A.G. Time of demographic change: National Research University Higher School of Economics. Moscow: Publishing House of the Higher School of Economics, 2015. 517 p. (in Russian).
  31. Yablokov V.M., Tikunov V.S. Atlas information systems for sustainable development of territories. Proceedings of the International Conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”, 2016. V. 22. Part 1. P. 13–33 (in Russian).
  32. Yablokov V.M., Tikunov V.S. Principles of creating an Internet-based atlas information system for sustainable development of territories. Moscow University Bulletin. Series 5. Geography, 2016. № 1. P. 29–38.
  33. Zayonchkovskaya J.A. International migration. The population of Russia. Annual Demographic Report. Moscow, 2014. 380 p. (in Russian).

For citation: Sopnev N.V., Belozerov V.S. Atlas information system “Foreign students in Russia”. InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2023. V. 29. Part 2. P. 44–58. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2023-2-29-44-58 (in Russian)