Geoinformation system “River Basins of russia”

DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2023-1-29-546-559

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

Oleg P. Yermolaev

Kazan Federal University, Institute of Environmental Sciences,
18, Kremlyovskaya str., Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, 420008, Russia,

Yerlan A. Shynbergenov

Korkyt Ata Kyzylorda University, Engineering and Technology Institute,
29A, Ayteke Bi str., Kyzylorda, 140012, Republic of Kazakhstan,

Svetlana S. Mukharamova

Kazan Federal University, Institute of Environmental Sciences,
18, Kremlyovskaya str., Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, 420008, Russia,


An electronic map of basin geosystems of small rivers has been created for almost the entire mainland of Russia. The form of representation is a vector layer of polygonal objects; spatial detail corresponds to the regional level of generalization (scale 1:1 000 000). The research was performed in three stages: 1) The European Part of Russia (with the exception of the Crimea and the Kaliningrad region); 2) The Arctic watershed area of the Asian Part of Russia; 3) The Pacific watershed area (Far Eastern Federal District). In total, over 388 000 objects (basins) have been allocated with an average area of about 47.8 km2. The method used for constructing the basin map includes: selection of the base DEM and the hydro grid map; selection of geometric parameters of the raster grid to represent the initial data and the results of model calculations; correction of the DEM using the hydro grid map; construction of watershed basin boundaries in automatic mode; assessment of the accuracy of the allocation of river basin boundaries for different types of terrain. A specialized geoinformation system “Basins of small rivers of Russia” has been formed. GIS integrates geoinformation representing natural (geomorphometry of the relief, the hydro-climatic parameters, sediment yield and river flow, soils, landscapes) and anthropogenic (land use types, population, transport network, etc.) characteristics of river basins. As an example of solving geoecological and geographical problems, calculations of the intensity of soil erosion for the Lena River basin using a modified model of soil loss are presented. The average value of soil erosion losses in the Lena River basin, taking into account the types of land cover, is 0.22 t/ha/year. This generally indicates a very low intensity of erosion, most of the basin area belongs to the nonhazardous category of soil loss.


watershed, small river basins, DEM, maps, GIS


  1. Bartalev S.A., Egorov V.A., Efremov V.Yu., Lupian E.A., Stytsenko F.V., Flitman E.V. Integrated burnt area assessment based on combine use of multi-resolution MODIS and Landsat-TM/ETM+ satellite data. Current Problems in Remote Sensing of the Earth from Space, 2012. V. 9. No. 2. P. 9–27 (in Russian).
  2. Bosco C., de Rigo D., Dewitte O., Poesen J., Panagos P. Modelling soil erosion at European scale: Towards harmonization and reproducibility. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 2015. V. 15. No. 2. P. 225–245.
  3. Burrough P.A., McDonell R.A. Principles of Geographical Information Systems. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. 190 p.
  4. Danielson J.J., Gesch D.B. Global multi-resolution terrain elevation data 2010 (GMTED2010). Open-File Report 2011–1073. Reston: U.S. Geol. Survey, 2011. 26 p.
  5. Golosov V.N., Ivanov M.M., Tsyplenkov A.S., Ivanov M.A., Wakiyama Y., Konoplev A.V., Konstantinov E.A., Ivanova N.N. Erosion as a factor of transformation of soil radioactive contamination in the Basin of the Shchekino Reservoir (Tula Region). Eurasian Soil Science, 2021. V. 54 (2). P. 291–303. DOI: 10.1134/S106422932102006X.
  6. Golubev I.A. The issue of the Siberian water soil erosion intensity determination. The Bulletin of KrasGAU. Land management, cadastre and land monitoring, 2009. No. 1. P. 80–83 (in Russian).
  7. Ivanov M.A., Yermolaev O.P., Maltsev K.A., Shynbergenov Y.A. Geomorphometric analysis of river basins in East European Russia using SRTM and ASTER GDEM data. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2016. V. 11. No. 14. P. 3080–3087.
  8. Korytny L.M. Basin concept in nature management: monograph. Irkutsk: Publishing House of IG SB RAS, 2001. 163 p. (in Russian).
  9. Landsape map of USSR. Scale: 1:2 500 000. Мoscow: Ministry of Geology of the USSR, Gidrospetsgeologiya, 1987 (in Russian).
  10. Larionov G.A. Erosion and deflation of soils: basic patterns and quantitative estimates. Мoscow: Moscow University Press, 1993. 200 p. (in Russian).
  11. Larionov G.A., Krasnov S.F., Litvin L.F. Methodological guidelines for compiling large-scale maps of erosion-prone lands to substantiate soil protection measures in on-farm land management. Moscow: Roszemproekt funds, 1996. 47 p. (in Russian).
  12. Lindsay J.B. The Whitebox Geospatial Analysis Tools project and open-access GIS. Proceedings of the GIS Research, UK 22nd Annual Conference, The University of Glasgow, UK, 2014. P. 16–18.
  13. Maltsev K.A., Ivanov M.A., Sharifullin A.G., Golosov V.N. Changes in the rate of soil loss in river basins within the Southern Part of European Russia. Eurasian Soil Science, 2019. No. 52 (6). P. 718–727. DOI: 10.1134/S1064229319060097.
  14. Osipov G.K., Dmitriev V.V. Basin-landscape approach to territorial planning. Information and Space, 2017. No. 3. P. 112–117 (in Russian).
  15. Panagos P., Borrelli P., Poesen J., Ballabio C., Lugato E., Meusburger K., Montanarella L., Alewell C. The new assessment of soil loss by water erosion in Europe. Environmental Science & Policy. Elsevier Ltd, 2015. No. 54. August. P. 438–447.
  16. Rodriguez E., Morris C.S., Belz J., Chapin E., Martin J., Daffer W., Hensley S. An assessment of the SRTM topographic products. Technical Report JPL D-31639. Pasadena: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2005. 143 p.
  17. Ryzhov Yu.V. Erosion-accumulative processes in the basins of small rivers in the south of Eastern Siberia. Geography and Natural Resources, 2009. No. 3. P. 94–101 (in Russian).
  18. Surface water resources of the USSR. V. 1. Murmansk Department of Hydrometeorological Service. State Hydrological Institute. Leningrad: Hydrometeoizdat, 1970. 316 p. (in Russian).
  19. O’Callaghan J., Mark D.M. The extraction of drainage networks from digital elevation data. Comput. Vis. Graph. Image Process, 1984. No. 28 (3). P. 323–344.
  20. Shvarev S.V., Golosov V.N., Lebedeva E.V., Likhacheva E.A., Kharchenko S.V. Current geomorphology: Natural risk assessment and environmental and anthropogenic interaction. Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2022. V. 92 (3). P. 361–369. DOI: 10.1134/S1019331622030145.
  21. Shynbergenov Y.A., Maltsev K., Sihanova N. GIS-technologies application for calculation of potential soil loss of Marha River basin (Republic of Saha). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Sciences, 2017. V. 107 (1): 012023. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/107/1/012023.
  22. Shynbergenov Y.A., Sihanova N.S. Identification of Large Rivers of Siberia (Ob, Yenisei, Lena) by using GIS technology based on remote sensing of Earth from Cosmos. Astra Salvensis, 2017. V. 5. No. 10. Supplement 1. P. 541–545.
  23. Vogt J.V., Colombo R., Bertolo F. Deriving drainage networks and watershed boundaries. A new methodology combining digital elevation data and environmental characteristics. Geomorphology, 2003. No. 53. P. 281–298.
  24. Yermolayev O.P., Maltsev K.A., Ivanov M.A. Automated construction of the boundaries of basin geosystems for the Volga Federal District. Geography and Natural Resources, 2014. V. 35. No. 3. P. 222–228 (in Russian).

For citation: Yermolaev O.P., Shynbergenov Y.A., Mukharamova S.S. Geoinformation system “River Basins of russia”. InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2023. V. 29. Part 1. P. 546–559. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2023-1-29-546-559 (in Russian)