Methodology of geoinformation small-scale mapping of geosystems for environmental risk management

DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2023-1-29-104-122

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Author

Tatiana I. Kuznetsova

V.B. Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS,
1, Ulan-Batorskaya str., Irkutsk, 664033, Russia,


Within the framework of the thematic section “Ecological state of the natural environment, natural environmental risks” of the electronic geographical Atlas of North and Northeast Asia, a methodology for small-scale mapping of geosystems has been developed as a procedure for preparing scientific information about a natural geographical object to ensure environmental risk management. The scientific basis of the research is the theory of spatial and temporal organization and the methodology of constructive integration mapping of geosystems. Natural ecological risk is understood as the probability of negative changes in the structure and functioning of geosystems in the case of natural or anthropogenic phenomena and processes in the habitat. The methods of creation, structure, and content of the unified information and cartographic system of the Mongolian-Siberian region of geosystem content of scale 1:5 000 000 have been developed. For these purposes, geographically and conceptually inconsistent maps of the geosystems of the regions of Siberia and Mongolia were analyzed. The patterns of spatial and temporal organization, regional features of functional differentiation of natural systems are revealed. Based on the results of the study, scientific generalizations were made concerning the description of geosystems of regional rank, their typification, classification, and zoning. The prognostic potential of small-scale maps of geosystems in relation to geographical studies of natural environmental risks based on the procedure for analyzing geosystems by typological functional, structural, and dynamic features is revealed. The characteristics of natural factors of the intensity of functioning, ecological functions of geosystems served as indicators in the environmental regulation of the use of natural systems, allowed to correctly substantiate environmental recommendations to minimize undesirable consequences. A specialized classification is demonstrated—a legend and a zoning map of the territory of the Mongolian-Siberian region, reflecting the sequence of multi-stage cartographic studies of natural environmental risk and the structuring of physical and geographical information. The created maps make up the basic set in the structure of spatial data of the electronic Atlas, new maps of geosystems can be created on their basis.


geoinformation mapping, environmental risks, management, geosystem signs-indicators, Mongolian-Siberian region


  1. Atlas “Baikal region: society and nature”. Moscow: Paulsen, 2021. 320 p. (in Russian).
  2. Baklanov P.Ya. Territorial organization and spatial development: correlation of concepts and processes. Geosystems of the eastern regions of Russia: features of their structures and spatial development. Vladivostok, 2019. P. 10–16 (in Russian).
  3. Berry J.K. Fundamental operations in computer-assisted map analysis. International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 1987. V. 1. P. 119–136.
  4. Buks I.I., Bayborodin V.N., Timirbayeva L.S. Ecological and phytocenotic complexes of Asian Russia. Map in scale 1:7 500 000. Irkutsk, 1977 (in Russian).
  5. Bulatov V.I. Functional organization and management in anthropogenic landscapes. Influence of man on landscape. Moscow: Mysl’, 1977. P. 44–53 (in Russian).
  6. Ecological atlas of the Baikal region. Irkutsk, 2017. 145 p. (in Russian).
  7. Ecological mapping of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1996. 279 p. (in Russian).
  8. Environmental risk: analysis, assessment, forecast. Proceedings of the conference. Irkutsk, 1998. 148 p. (in Russian).
  9. Isachenko A.G. Intensity of functioning and productivity of geosystems. Izvestia AN SSSR. Seriya Geograficheskaya (News of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Geographical series), 1990. No. 5. P. 5–17 (in Russian).
  10. Karpik A.P., Obidenko V.I., Pobedinsky G.G. Study of the needs of federal executive bodies of the Russian Federation in spatial data. Geodesy and Сartography, 2021. V. 82. No. 2. P. 49–63. (in Russian). DOI: 10.22389/0016-7126-2021-968-2-49-63.
  11. Konovalova T.I. Organization of geosystems and its mapping. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series “Earth Sciences”, 2012. No. 5. P. 150–162 (in Russian).
  12. Kozin V.V. The environmental approach in landscape ecology. Tyumen State University Herald, 2009. No. 3. P. 4–8 (in Russian).
  13. Kuznetsova T.I. Geosystem-cartographic analysis of natural factors of ecological risk of the Lake Baikal basin (within Russia and Mongolia). Bezopasnost’ Zhiznedeatel’nosti, 2017. No. 7. P. 50–56 (in Russian).
  14. Kuznetsova T.I. Methodology of constructive approach in geoinformatic cartographic geographical environments. InterCarto. InterGIS. Proceedings of the International conference, 2022. V. 28. No. 1. P. 161–174 (in Russian). DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2022-1-28-161-174.
  15. Kuznetsova T.I., Batuev A.R., Bardash A.V. Natural landscapes of the Baikal region and their use. Map in scale 1:5 000 000. Irkutsk, 2009 (in Russian). Web resource: (accessed 15.07.2023).
  16. Kuznetsova T.I., Bychkov I.V., Batuev A.R., Plyusnin V.M., Ruzhnikov G.M., Khmel’nov A.E. Structural-typological characteristics and ecological potential of the Baikal region’s geosystems. Geography and Natural Resourses, 2011. V. 32. No. 4. P. 315–322.
  17. Kuznetsova T.I., Lopatkin D.A. Landscape and mapping support of regional geoecological analysis. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2019. V. 381. P. 12–53. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/381/1/012053.
  18. Lechthaler M. Interactive and multimedia atlas information system as a cartographic geocommunication platform. Berlin: Springer, 2010. P. 384–402.
  19. Mikheev V.S. Landscape-geographical support of complex problems of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1987. 206 p. (in Russian).
  20. National Atlas. The Mongolian People’s Republic. Ulaanbaatar–Moscow, 1990. 140 p. (in Russian).
  21. Polikarpov N.P., Tchebakova N.M., Nazimova D.I. Climate and mountain forests of Southern Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1986. 215 p. (in Russian).
  22. Sochava V.B. Theoretical and Applied Geography. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2005. 288 p. (in Russian).
  23. Sustainable development and environmental risk: Terminological dictionary. Khanty-Mansiysk, 1998. 32 p. (in Russian).
  24. Tararin A.M. The concept and implementation of basic sets of spatial data in the national system of spatial data of the Russian Federation. Vestnik of the Siberian State University of Geosystems and Technologies (SSUGT), 2022. V. 27. No. 2. P. 44–58 (in Russian). DOI: 10.33764/2411-1759-2022-27-2-44-58.

For citation: Kuznetsova T.I. Methodology of geoinformation small-scale mapping of geosystems for environmental risk management. InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: MSU, Faculty of Geography, 2023. V. 29. Part 1. P. 104–122. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2023-1-29-104-122 (in Russian)