National nature-based tourism in Samarkand Region

DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2020-3-26-423-434

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Об авторах

Sitora-bonu Sadikova

Samarkand State Architectural and Civil Engineering Institute, Department of theory and history of architecture,
Lolazor str., 70, Samarkand, Uzbekistan,

Sabine Hennig

Interfaculty Department of Geoinformatics — Z_GIS,
Schillerst, 30, 5020, Salzburg, Austria,


The article analyses the data on the assessment of the potential of nature-based tourism in Samarkand Region. Esri’s ArcGIS social Survey 123 Onlinewas created for data collection and subsequent analysis in statistical programs. This method revealed vacation spots Amankutan, Agalyk, Mirankul, Tepa-kul, Nurbulok, Dobusiya, Yukori Chinor, Ming Archa, Kattakurgan Reservoir, Zarafshan river and others on the basis of opinions of representatives of local population of Uzbekistan about each location. The sociological survey identified: the most polluted vacation spots; the pros and cons of specific suburban recreation areas; popular types of active and passive suburban recreation; opinion on effective penalties for vandalism and damage to flora and fauna. Eco tourism and nature tourism should be clearly distinguished.

Natural tourism is all types of tourism that use natural resources in wild or undeveloped natural areas: bird watching, forest trips, safaris, fishing, hunting, photography. It should be noted that ecotourism is distinguished by satisfying the recreational needs of visitors and hosts, for the benefit of the local population and without negative impact on the ecology of the region. “Eco” is obliged to serve for the benefit of nature, its biodiversity and ecology. Consequently, the development of ecotourism contributes to the improvement of the ecological, educational and cultural level of the state society as a whole. The recommendations for effective environment-friendly use of nature-based tourism potential of Samarkand Region of Uzbekistan are presented.

Ключ. слова

ecotourism, nature-based tourism, nature protection, Samarkand Region, Uzbekistan

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Для цитирования: Sadikova S., Hennig S. National nature-based tourism in Samarkand Region. ИнтерКарто. ИнтерГИС. Геоинформационное обеспечение устойчивого развития территорий: Материалы Междунар. конф. M: Издательство Московского университета, 2020. Т. 26. Ч. 3. С. 423–434 DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2020-3-26-423-434

For citation: Sadikova S., Hennig S. National nature-based tourism in Samarkand Region. InterCarto. InterGIS. GI support of sustainable development of territories: Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: Moscow University Press, 2020. V. 26. Part 3. P. 423–434. DOI: 10.35595/2414-9179-2020-3-26-423-434