STUDY NOISE POLLUTION TYUMEN USING GIS

https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2016-2-22-268-273

View or download the article (Rus)

About the Authors

V. A. Dobryakova

Tuymen State University Institute of Earth Sciences
Russian Federation

department of cartography and GIS, docent, candidate of geographical science

 Tyumen, Russia

A. A. Kolesov

ZAO «Giprong – Ecom»
Russian Federation

engineer support groups and coordination of choices

Tyumen, Russia

Abstract

One of the most harmful factors of environment of the city is the noise, and its weight among the factors adversely affecting the life and health of the population has been increasing steadily [Sheina and etc., 2007; Polovinkina and etc., 2012]. Today, most major cities of the Russian Federation (70%) have a high noise pollution problem. The system of support for the monitoring and control of acoustic situation in the city can be considered noise pollution electronic cards made using geographic information systems (GIS). There are two fundamentally different approaches to the selection of software for creation of noise maps. According to the first of them, use universal multifunctional complexes GIS (ArcGIS, MapInfo). According to the distribution of data points on the noise characteristics is created TIN model. A second approach to create noise maps using highly specialized software (MapNoise, SoundPLAN, Mitha, Cadna, ExNOISE et al.). To calculate noise propagation area is divided on the grid with a certain step, the most relevant mapping purposes. Calculation of noise levels is carried out in a grid cell by measurements based on diffraction and reflection of sound barriers and absorbing underlying surface. Noise pollution is also displayed using contour lines.

Keywords

noise, noise pollution, the city geoinfomatsionnaya system, Tyumen.

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For citation: Dobryakova V.A., Kolesov A.A. STUDY NOISE POLLUTION TYUMEN USING GIS. Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto. InterGIS”. 2016;22(2):268-273. https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2016-2-22-268-273