GRAVITY ANOMALIES OF THE MOON

https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2015-1-21-514-521

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About the Authors

S. G. Pugacheva

Sternberg Astronomical Institute Moscow University Moscow, Russia
Russian Federation

V. V. Shevchenko

Sternberg Astronomical Institute Moscow University Moscow, Russia
Russian Federation

Abstract

The source of gravity anomalies of the Moon are large mascons with a high mass concentration at a depth of volcanic plains and lunar Maria. New data on the gravitational field of the Moon were obtained from two Grail spacecrafts. The article presents the data of physical and mechanical properties of the surface soil layer of the lunar Maria and gives an assessment of the chemical composition of the soil. There have been calculated heterogeneity parameters of the surface macro-relief of the lunar Maria: albedo, soil density, average grain diameter of the particles forming the surface layer and the volume fraction occupied by particles. It can be assumed that mascons include rich KREEP rocks with a high content of thorium and iron oxide. Formation of mascons is connected with intensive development of basaltic volcanism on the Moon in the early periods of its existence.

Keywords

Moon, gravity anomalies, macro-relief, heterogeneity parameters, chemical composition.

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For citation: Pugacheva S.G., Shevchenko V.V. GRAVITY ANOMALIES OF THE MOON. Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto/InterGIS”. 2015;21(1):514-521. https://doi.org/10.24057/2414-9179-2015-1-21-514-521